Mobility, Internationalisation, Higher Education: European Challenges

Mobility, Internationalisation, Higher Education: European Challenges

Maria da Conceição Pereira Ramos (University of Porto, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-5998-8.ch003
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In this chapter, the authors address the following issues: convergence of internationalisation paths in universities and trends in European higher education; international cooperation and education regarding the internationalisation of higher education policy in Europe and other world regions; mobility trends with the growth of selective and qualified migration; student flows and migration in the higher education globalisation and internationalisation process; European and national policies for academic mobility and internationalisation of higher education; consequences of academic mobility and migration regarding the professional value of mobility, interculturalism, and higher education; institutional and social responses to internationalisation, Europeanisation, and globalisation of higher education. The authors note how international academic mobility represents a professional added value and a cultural, scientific, and technological enrichment for higher education, which broadens the perspectives of the individuals and institutions involved. The internationalisation of higher education contributes to spreading an educational culture with a tendency to establish itself as a European and global educational model.
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Globalisation influences labour markets, management and education in many ways. Within the global context, internationalisation of education is considered at a higher level, as it creates and transfer the knowledge which is crucial to the growth of both developed and developing countries (Bhandari & Laughlin, 2009).

Among the current policies for higher education, internationalisation emerges as an important strategy for the integration of countries into the globalised world either by the perspective of solidarity advocated by UNESCO, or by the mercantilist trend promoted by the World Trade Organisation.

Key Terms in this Chapter

International Students: Students who study outside their country of origin.

Internationalisation of Higher Education: “Internationalization includes the policies and practices undertaken by academic systems and institutions - and even individuals - to cope with the global academic environment”( Altbach & Knight, 2007 ).

Multiculturalism/Interculturalism in Higher Education: The integration of cultural diversity and the production of skills, thus promoting intercultural relationships, intercultural communication and intercultural management.

Academic Mobility: Includes the mobility of students, researchers, teachers and administrative staff.

Internationalisation Policies of Higher Education: Includes the establishment and development of partnerships and international cooperation networks between universities, companies, governments, and other organisations.

Higher Education: All education beyond the secundary level leading to a formal degree.

International Mobility: Includes a variety of types of flows and displacements, such as students flows, skilled workers, brain drain, temporary workers,..., growth of selective and qualified migration.

Internationalisation of Universities: It's a process that integrates a global and intercultural dimension with education’s goals, functions and supply.

Implementation of the University Internationalisation: It’s a process that integrates an expanding world academic market for students and qualified professionals, academic mobility, internationalisation of curricula, exchange programmes and scientific networks, mutual recognition agreements, foreign language provision and the adoption of English as the language of instruction in various programmes, international collaborative research and international consortia activity.

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