Modelling and Simulation of Environmental Hazards

Modelling and Simulation of Environmental Hazards

Nick A. Theophilopoulos (IMPETUS Engineering S.A., Greece) and Pavlos Kassomenos (IMPETUS Engineering S.A., Greece)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-930708-02-0.ch017
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Abstract

Emergencies are most probably the most important issue at the European and, of course, at the international level, in terms of impact to the economic structures, the ecosystems,and human and environmental resources. A number of emergencies have been identified within the Emergency Management Area and the areas under EMA coverage. These could be summarised as forest fires, chemical fires, structural fires, industrial accidents, oil and chemical spills, explosions, nuclear accidents, radiation, storms, tornadoes, floods, dam ruptures, marine algal blooms, avalanches, landslides, earthquakes, seismic waves, and volcanic eruptions. The modelling and simulation of the environmental hazards in Europe should be harmonised in a way where developments will proceed, through a consensus mechanism, between the industry, the users, and the standardisation organisations, to create a consensus approach by identifying best practice cases in the management (including detection surveillance and monitoring of the emergency), and to plan operational aspects of the emergency situations, identify proper technological breakthroughs, and identify techniques and developments.

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