Multicriteria Assessment of Projects and Scenarios

Multicriteria Assessment of Projects and Scenarios

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2509-7.ch005
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Abstract

Chapter 5 deals with formulation of the problem of multicriteria assessment of projects and scenarios. Expert assessment methods are reviewed. Determination of criteria values, multicriteria estimation and data processing methods are proposed. Nested scalar convolutions method is proposed. Project profile approach is considered. Vector optimization of hierarchical structures methods is proposed. Structural optimization, description of structure, parameters of significance and calculation of priority factors methods are considered. Calculation of the nested scalar convolutions and calculation of the hierarchical structure assessment method is proposed. Parametric synthesis and substantial model is considered. Optimal allocation of fewer resources method is proposed. System optimization approach is given.
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Expert Assessment

Adequate research methods of complex engineering and ergonomics systems are methods of expert estimates. The development begins with the formation of expertise organizers group, whose responsibilities include:

  • Selection of specialists (experts).

  • Preparation of special questionnaires (profiles).

  • Conducting a survey.

  • Analysis and processing of information received from the experts.

  • Definition of dimension and qualitative composition of the vector of partial criteria.

  • Calculation of the analytical assessments of space projects.

As the experts, the highly skilled in the art specialists are involved in the process. Their number is usually driven by the complexity of the task at hand. In our practice, up to 22 experts participated in the expertise. Based on the analysis of projects, organizers formulate a preliminary list of requirements that must be presented for space projects in a particular line. At the suggestion of the National Space Agency of Ukraine (NSAU) the requirements are structured in groups of criteria:

  • General criteria.

  • The criteria for scientific and technological development.

  • Financial and economic criteria.

  • Social criteria.

  • Criteria for defense and security tasks.

  • Environmental criteria.

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