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P. A. Gutiérrez (University of Córdoba, Spain), C. Hervás (University of Córdoba, Spain), F. J. Martínez-Estudillo (INSA – ETEA, Spain) and M. Carbonero (INSA – ETEA, Spain)

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-849-9.ch166

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TopIn the classification problem, measurements *x _{i}*,

Evolutionary Computation: Computation based on iterative progress, such as growth or development in a population. This population is selected in a guided random search using parallel processing to achieve the desired solution. Such processes are often inspired by biological mechanisms of evolution.

Iteratively Reweighted Least Squares (IRLS): Numerical algorithm for minimizing any specified objective function using a standard weighted least squares method such as Gaussian elimination. It is widely applied in Logistic Regression.

Artificial Neural Networks: A network of many simple processors (“units” or “neurons”) that imitates a biological neural network. The units are connected by unidirectional communication channels, which carry numeric data. Neural networks can be trained to find nonlinear relationships in data, and are used in applications such as robotics, speech recognition, signal processing or medical diagnosis.

Logistic Regression: Statistical regression model for Bernoulli-distributed dependent variables. It is a generalized linear model that uses the logit as its link function. Logistic regression applies maximum likelihood estimation after transforming the dependent into a logit variable (the natural log of the odds of the dependent occurring or not).

Evolutionary Programming: One of the four major evolutionary algorithm paradigms, with no fixed structure or representation, in contrast with some of the other evolutionary paradigm. Its main variation operator is the mutation.

Product Unit Neural Networks: Alternative to standard sigmoidal neural networks, based on multiplicative nodes instead of additive ones. Concretely, the output of each hidden node is the product of all its inputs raised to a real exponent.

Remote Sensing: Short or large-scale acquisition of information of an object or phenomenon, by the use of either recording or real-time sensing devices that is not in physical or intimate contact with the object (such as by way of aircraft, spacecraft, satellite, or ship).

Precision Farming: Use of new technologies, such as global positioning (GPS), sensors, satellites or aerial images, and information management tools (GIS) to assess and understand in-field variability in agriculture. Collected information may be used to more precisely evaluate optimum sowing density, estimate fertilizers and other inputs needs, and to more accurately predict crop yields.

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