Multiple-Step Backtracking of Exception Handling in Autonomous Business Process Management

Multiple-Step Backtracking of Exception Handling in Autonomous Business Process Management

Mingzhong Wang (University of Melbourne, Australia), Jinjun Chen (Swinburne University of Technology, Australia), Kotagiri Ramamohanarao (University of Melbourne, Australia) and Amy Unruh (University of Melbourne, Australia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61692-852-0.ch413
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Abstract

This chapter proposes a multiple-step backtracking mechanism to maintain a tradeoff between replanning and rigid backtracking for exception handling and recovery, thus enabling business process management (BPM) systems to operate robustly even in complex and dynamic environments. The concept of BDI (belief, desire and intention) agent is applied to model and construct the BPM system to inherit its advantages of adaptability and flexibility. Then, the flexible backtracking approach is introduced by utilizing the beneficial features of event-driven and means-end reasoning of BDI agents. Finally, we incorporate open nested transaction model to encapsulate plan execution and backtracking to gain the system level support of concurrency control and automatic recovery. With the ability of reasoning about task characteristics, our approach enables the system to find and commence a suitable plan prior to or in parallel with a compensation process when a failure occurs. This kind of computing allows us to achieve business goals efficiently in the presence of exceptions and failures.

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