An OMA DM Based Framework for Updating Modulation Module for Mobile Devices

An OMA DM Based Framework for Updating Modulation Module for Mobile Devices

Hui Zhang (Swansea University, UK), Xinheng Wang (Swansea University, UK) and Muddesar Iqbal (University of Gujrat, Pakistan)
Copyright: © 2013 |Pages: 10
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2056-8.ch017
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Due to the rapid advancement of mobile communication technologies, the demands for managing mobile devices effectively to fulfill various functionalities are on the rise. It is well known that mobile devices make use of different kinds of modulation approaches to adapt to various channel conditions. Therefore, in this paper, the authors propose a framework of Modulation Module Update (MMU) for updating the modulation module on the mobile device based on OMA DM. The management object for updating modulation module and the parameters associated with it are defined in the framework, and three operation phases are defined in this framework as well.
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Oma Device Management

OMA DM is developed by Open Mobile Alliance (OMA) primarily to standardize the device management functions, which is intended to support the typical uses, such as configuring devices, enabling and disabling features, updating software packages or fixing bugs, reporting error of the device, and so on (Steinke & Strohmenger, 2007; Lim et al., 2008; Ma et al., 2008). The DM working group of OMA is mainly responsible for the revision and publication of OMA DM specifications (Husain et al., 2008).

OMA DM Architecture and FUMO

A simple architecture of OMA DM for firmware update is shown in Figure 1. As shown in Figure 1, DM Server is the server-side implementation of the OMA DM protocol. Its task is to manage OMA DM compliant devices using different management operations, e.g., provisioning, configuration of device, updating software, and fault management (Shi et al., 2007). Content Server is in charge of providing and managing the software packages and multi-media contents for the software upgrades and bug fix of the mobile device.

Figure 1.

OMA DM architecture

The device to be managed is composed of hardware components, software modules for managing the hardware components, and device management agent that performs software updates/managements and firmware updates by connecting to the OMA DM server (State et al., 2004).

Each device that supports OMA DM contains a Management Tree. The Management Tree organizes all available management objects in the device in a hierarchical tree structure where all nodes can be uniquely addressed with a Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI) (OMA, 2008; IETF, 1998). DM Server realizes the management actions by manipulating the nodes in a device management tree.

DM Agent is a software component that resides in the mobile device. It is used to process the messages received from the DM Server, including parsing messages from DM Server, interpreting OMA DM commands, and executing relevant actions in the device. In addition, the DM agent can also generate relevant responses and send them back to the DM Server.

Firmware Update Management Object (FUMO) is an OMA specification for updating the firmware of mobile devices over-the-air, which allows mobile devices to be updated over-the-air using the industry-standard protocol OMA DM (2009). Additionally, FUMO also specifies a range of standard commands with relevant parameters and management objects that can be used for OTA firmware updates. Figure 2 shows a simple procedure of the firmware update.

Figure 2.

Firmware update

Generally, FUMO Agent and other special purpose agents can coexist to provide additional functions on a managed device. FUMO Agent coexists with the DM Agent to provide firmware downloading and updating functions on the managed device.

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