Online Social Networking and Romantic Relationships

Online Social Networking and Romantic Relationships

Irem Metin-Orta (Atilim University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 26
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9412-3.ch003
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With the increased popularity of social media, social networking sites (SNSs) have received the attention of many scholars. In particular, researchers have focused on the impact of SNSs on interpersonal relationships. Accordingly, this chapter provides an overview of the extant literature concerning associations between the use of SNSs and romantic relationships. It provides empirical evidence on how social networking behaviors are influenced by adult attachment styles, and how social networking influences relationship constructs such as satisfaction, commitment, jealousy, and relationship dissolution. Furthermore, it presents previous research that emphasizes gender as a moderator in these relations. This chapter overall contributes to researchers and professionals in providing information on online social networking and emphasizing key romantic relationship constructs related to the use of SNSs. It also provides suggestions for future research.
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SNSs are online platforms where individuals can generate profiles, interact with friends, meet with other people based on common interests and trace the networks of connected users (boyd & Ellison, 2007; Kuss & Griffiths, 2011). Under the broader term of ‘social media’, SNSs are described as web-based services that allow for maintenance of social relationships within one’s social network (boyd & Ellison, 2007; Rus & Tiemensma, 2017, p.685). Many people spend a great amount of time in SNSs. According to a survey, 71% of people who use the internet were social network users in 2017, and this rate is expected to grow (Statista Facts on Social Networks, 2018).

Key Terms in this Chapter

Social Networking Site: An online platform which allows users to build social networks.

Relationship Satisfaction: An individual's evaluation about his/her romantic relationship.

Partner Surveillance: Monitoring of the partner's profile such as viewing photos, wall posts, comments and status.

Facebook: An online platform used to keep in touch with others and monitor others' activities.

Relationship Maintenance Strategies: Routine behaviors engaged in by partners' to maintain the relationship.

Attachment: Emotional bond between the infant and the primary caregiver.

Romantic Jealousy: Negative thoughts, feelings, and behaviors as a response to a perceived threat to a romantic relationship.

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