Ozonation With Catalyst in Landfill Leachate Treatment

Ozonation With Catalyst in Landfill Leachate Treatment

Siti Nor Farhana Zakaria (Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5766-1.ch012

Abstract

Landfill leachate is a hazardous pollutant generated from a landfill site. Discharge of landfill leachate has caused a major contamination to the environment and detrimental to human health. This chapter introduces an alternative method to treat recalcitrant pollutant in leachate by using ozonation with catalyst. The production of hydroxyl radical in ozonation was not enough to oxidize complex molecular structure in the leachate. Theoretically, the addition of catalyst enhances the capacity of radical and accelerates the chemical reaction. The effectiveness of ozonation with Fenton (O3/Fenton), hydrogen peroxide (O3/H2O2), and zirconium tetrachloride (O3/ZrCl4) in removing pollutant such as chemical oxygen demand (COD), color, and improvement of biodegradability by using this process were also discussed in this chapter. Comparison in term of treatment cost and benefits of the application of chemical as catalyst are briefly elaborated at the end of this chapter.
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Introduction

The sanitary landfill has been practice worldwide as municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal. This method has become a favourite in most of the country due to the low cost and easy handled. In Malaysia, there are 296 landfills reported and about 166 are still operating. It was also noted that, out of the 166 operating landfills, only 11 of them are sanitary landfills and capable of preventing the landfill gas and leachate from escaping to the environment (Johari et al., 2014). The general composition of solid waste in landfill are food waste, plastic, paper, wood, textile, glass, rubber and metal as depicted in the Figure 1 (Aziz, 2016).

Figure 1.

General solid waste composition in Pulau Burung Landfill Site, Malaysia

Variety sources of MSW in the landfill make the wastewater is more complex and difficult to be remediated. The by-product produce from landfill is called as landfill leachate. Meanwhile, the summary of landfill leachate characteristic at Alor Pongsu landfill site, Pulau Burung landfill site and Kulim landfill site, Malaysia is summarizes in the Table 1.

Table 1.
Summary of leachate landfill characteristics at nearby landfill site
ParameterUnitValueLocationMEQA*
TemperatureC29-33.5Matang landfill site40
30.5-34.7Pulau Burung landfill site
pH8.1-8.5Pulau Burung landfill site6.00-9.00
8.05 - 8.66Matang landfill site
7.59 - 8.25Kulim landfill site
ColorPtCo2933-3615Pulau Burung landfill site-
2220-6398Matang landfill site
279-3029Kulim landfill site
CODmg/L1123-3180Pulau Burung landfill site400
770 - 1456Matang landfill site
110-1295Kulim landfill site
BOD5mg/L60-243Pulau Burung landfill site20
100 - 257Matang landfill site
29-285Kulim landfill site
NH3-Nmg/L620 - 2050Pulau Burung landfill site5
500 -857Matang landfill site
210 - 720Kulim landfill site
BOD5/COD0.05-0.10Pulau Burung landfill site-
0.14 - 0.39Matang landfill site
0.20-0.24Kulim landfill site
DOmg/L0.14Pulau Burung landfill site-
TDSmg/L5306Pulau Burung landfill site-

(Pulau Burung, Matang and Kulim landfill site) from 2010 until 2015 (Zin et al., 2012; Aziz and Bashir, 2015; Zakaria et al., 2015; Amr et al., 2013; Othman et al., 2010; Zainol et al., 2012; Zainol et al., 2011; Aziz et al., 2010)

*Environmental Quality (control of pollution from solid waste transfer station and landfill) Regulation 2009 under the Laws of Malaysia Environmental Quality Act (MEQA) 1974 (MDC, 1997).

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