Personal Health Records Status-Quo and Future Perspectives

Personal Health Records Status-Quo and Future Perspectives

Simon Y. Liu, (National Library of Medicine, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-777-0.ch003

Abstract

Consumers, industry, and government have recently focused attention on the potential of personal health records to empower patients in the health care process, improve patient-provider relationships, facilitate patient access to health information, and improve the quality of health care. A Personal Health Record (PHR) is a private and secure digital record that is created, managed, and owned by an individual, and contains the owner’s relevant health information. The benefits of PHRs have not yet been widely realized due to several significant challenges in their adoption, including the need for privacy, security, and interoperability, and the lack of accepted standards. Although many players in the healthcare arena are beginning to offer partial solutions, none have adequately addressed the full range of challenges. The adoption of PHRs can be significantly accelerated by the development of Open Source software that enables an individual to collect, create, organize, and manage his or her own private and secure PHR, using a standardized format and controlled vocabulary.
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Introduction

Healthcare today is facing many critical challenges. One of the biggest is the lack of electronic health information. Studies suggested that over 80% of the doctors in the US manage healthcare information on paper. In other words, individual health information is housed independently by doctors or care providers. Therefore, access to individual’s health information is difficult, especially in the event of an emergency. The concept of the electronic personal health record (PHR) has been suggested as a significantly improved method for collecting and using personal health information.

Recent surveys suggest that the general public wants PHRs. The Markle Foundation commissioned a survey of 1,003 Americans in November 2006, examining public opinion toward PHRs (Markle Foundation, 2006a; Markle Foundation, 2006b).The survey found that 79% of the public believes that PHRs would provide major benefits to individuals in managing their health and 46.5% of the public expressed an interest in having a PHR. Eighty-four percent said it would be important to have electronic copies of health records if changing doctors or moving to another city. Similar percentages said they wanted access to their medical information to ensure that it is accurate, and to check for errors. However, most of those surveyed were very concerned about the potential that their personal health information might be misused or accessed without their authorization. Nearly 57% of the public express concern over the privacy and security of their data and more than 90% felt that their expressed consent should be required for each use of their information. Three quarters of those surveyed said the government has a role in establishing privacy and confidentiality protections for electronic personal health information.

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