Preface to the Research on Standards in the Mobile Communications Industry

Preface to the Research on Standards in the Mobile Communications Industry

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4074-0.ch003
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In this chapter, the Self-Organized Complexity Unfolding Model and the Framework of Organizational Standards Strategy are applied and explored further to the evolution of standards in the mobile communications industry. To introduce the mobile communications industry, three different infrastructures that presently exist at the beginning of the 21st century for communication over long distances are discussed. The reason to present them is to illustrate the position of the mobile communications industry in our society and how it is related to other industries.
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3. Evolution Of Technology

The market has leapt forward at each stage with each new generation of technology. Without technological supports, it is impossible for the market to evolve as it has. Although it is arguable whether markets have driven technologies or vice versa, there is no doubt that there are mutual influences between technology and market. The 1G mobile communications technologies such as NMT and AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone System) were based on analogy and cellular system, which was more sophisticated than the primitive technologies used before the 1G period. However, 1G technologies still had technical limits. The most distinctive difference between 1G and 2G was that 2G mobile communications technologies (e.g. GSM and IS-95) were digital, which increased capacity and quality and required lower battery power for handsets. 2G technologies provided services and products with lower prices for a vastly increased number of users. In contrast, 3G mobile communications technologies (e.g. WCDMA and CDMA2000) have focused on increasing bandwidth capacity to provide more advanced services, for example, Internet browsing.

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