Protected Natural Areas and Sustainable Development

Protected Natural Areas and Sustainable Development

Zaharia Marian (Petroleum-Gas University, Romania), Rodica-Manuela Gogonea (Academy of Economic Studies, Romania) and Daniela Ruxandra Andrei (Romanian-American University, Romania)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7504-7.ch002
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The process of tourism development has come to include, step by step, the expansion potential of areas where it could be practiced in less accessible natural spaces, which are more problematic from the point of view of tourist penetration and the organization of tourism activities. In this context, making tourism under the umbrella of this concept of expansion, has led, on the one hand, to the expansion of protected natural areas, to their advertising and implicitly to the increase of demand for this type of tourism, and, on the other hand, to the amplification of danger posed to the integrity of the ecosystems included in the tourism circuit. The paper, starting from the actual context of sustainable development, highlights the fact that the tourism potential of protected natural areas constitute an important factor for sustainable development only, if is doing in condition of responsibility and respect for environmental conservation and regeneration of environmental resources
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Sustainable tourism was initially analyzed sustainable development as “target concerns many scientists and several international organizations” (Botezatu, 2013, pg.40). Gradually, given the interdependence of international guidelines sustainable over time, significant changes were noted in qualitative and quantitative analysis of the results of tourism and implemented by various indicators at both the micro (enterprise) and macro (national).

Bringing together experts from different fields and from all continents, GRI (Global Reporting Initiative) prepared in 2000 a guide called “Benchmarks for Sustainable Development Reporting” showing the need to address the sustainability of the enterprise in terms of economic performance, environmental and social (GRI, 2002 pg.11).

Chapuy P (2009) believes that sustainability is obtained in the last step of sustainable development, with ambient, social and economic background. This is planned for a period long enough, against the backdrop of clashes between various political interests. Peculiarities and characteristics of defining the sustainability largely overlap with those of the context of tourism activities in protected natural areas which justifies the necessity to approach the issues of protected natural areas orientation towards sustainable development.

The manner of analysis and interpretation of aspects concerning tourism and regional development can be the result of theories, methods and techniques contoured in view of understanding the behavior of national economy. The result of such an analysis aims at the application of a procedure that should eliminate the misbalance and disparities existing at a regional level.

Considering that “quantitative and qualitative dimension of resources determines the size, strength and diversity of tourist movement” (Hapenciuc 2013, pg.21) is obviously necessary to analysis of natural protected areas under the imperative of sustainability.

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