Relation Between Work-Family Life Conflict and Organizational Cynicism in Women: A Research in Banking Sector

Relation Between Work-Family Life Conflict and Organizational Cynicism in Women: A Research in Banking Sector

Yavuz Kağan Yasim (Hitit University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9171-9.ch006

Abstract

The quantity and quality of women's employment has long been a worldwide issue and has particular resonance in Turkey. In Turkey, the banking sector is of particular significance due to its high number of female employees. Thus, owing to this phenomenon, the main focus of the chapter is on the banking sector. One of the greatest problems facing working women in life is work-family conflict, kind of role conflict. Furthermore, in recent years, organizational cynicism has long been a central plank in many studies. This study thus examines women's conflict with work and family life along with organizational cynicism and its numerous lower dimensions. Data gathered from 182 female bankers was analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Program of Social Sciences) software. Analysis of the results would suggest that some demographic variables have a significant impact upon organizational cynicism and the conflict between work and family life conflict. Also, there is a positively significant correlation in medium level between the variables.
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Introduction

Women's unemployment and low job quality remain a problem all over the world. Especially when considered in conjunction with developed and developing countries, this problem is becoming more prominent for Turkey. Women's employment rate is significantly below the EU average. Therefore, existing governments are trying to increase these rates. In the National Employment Strategy for 2014-2023, the female labor force participation rate is targeted as 41% in 2023. With the support given, this ratio increased to 37.6% in 2017 with 6.8 points increase in the last 3 years. It does not seem easy to reach the employment targets set out for Turkey. Despite many policies, the increase in employment rates remains limited. Turkey has many negative variables in solving the case. The high unemployment rates, low growth rates, international migration movements, regional developmental disparities, the size of informal employment, gender inequalities, the lack of education of women, social perspectives to women, the family responsibilities imposed on women, the lack of child and elderly care services are one of the first ones among these negatives.

In most societies, the need for women in the care and education of children, and the values attributed to motherhood in society is of great importance in the decision of women to participate in the work life.

The situation of women in working life has undergone significant changes in the historical process. Today, she is in the middle of important discussions and regulations. The duties imposed on women have made it a workforce that needs protection and positive discrimination. Because women have difficulty in entering labor market and the difficulties continue while working. After entering work life, it is seen that especially the policies that harmonize work and family life prolong the period of stay of women in workforce and increase productivity. Many research shows that work-family conflicts cause many negative organizational behaviors. One of these is organizational cynicism.

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