Research Methods and Tools

Research Methods and Tools

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2767-1.ch004


This chapter details the research methods for assessing climate change adaptation among farm families. The methods cover two types of procedures: benchmarking and evaluation. The authors define benchmarking as the documentation, measurement and analysis of current adaptation practice in any given target group, organization or community for purposes of comparison, internal or external, to a given standard, de facto or otherwise. Benchmarking is not done within the bounds of project parameters (i.e., time and resources) and project-determined outcomes. On the other hand, evaluation refers to baseline, mid-term, final and ex-post measurements of adaptation practice vis a vis given interventions. Evaluation is conducted within set project parameters and project-determined outcomes.
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Our constructs on climate change adaptation enumerated in the previous chapter lead us to two applied research methods, benchmarking and evaluation (Flor & Flor, 2016).

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