Reverse Logistics in E-Retaling

Reverse Logistics in E-Retaling

Senem Ergan (Namık Kemal University, Turkey) and Ayşe Akyol (Trakya University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-5757-9.ch016

Abstract

Consumers mostly prefer internet for reasons such as accessing product immediately, convenience, time saving. However buying products without observing physically causes some troubles. This situation results in return of the purchased product. The return process that is going to be experienced by the customer who wants to return or change his/her product is important for the companies. Managing return process without troubles is going to affect loyalty, satisfaction, revisiting, repurchasing, consumers messages, which are going to be get across to his/her environment. Because of these reasons, it is imperative for the companies to pay attention to the reverse logistic activities that they will undertake for the end consumers. The aim of this chapter is to indicate the importance of reverse logistics in e-retailing.
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Background

There are many definitions in the literature related to the reverse logistics. The first definitions are found in the scientific literature in 1970s. Authors such as Zikmund & Stanton (1971), Guiltinan & Nwokoye (1974) and Ginter & Starling (1978) have used terms such as “Reverse Channels” or “Reverse Flow” instead of the concept of reverse logistics in their study these years. Also they related reverse logistics definitions to recycling (De Brito & Dekker, 2004, p.4). For example, Zikmund and Stanton (1971, p.35) named “reverse logistics” as “reverse distribution” and defined it as: “Conceptually, reverse distribution is identical to the traditional channel of distribution. The consumer has a product to sell and, in essence, he assumes the same position as a manufacturer selling a new product. The consumer's (seller's) role is to distribute his waste materials to the market that demands his product”. Lambert and Stock (1981) defined reverse logistics as; “going the wrong way on a one-way street because the great majority of product shipments flow in one direction” (Rogers & Tibben-Lembke, 2001, p.129). Murphy (1986) made a similar definition with Lambert and Stocker and he said that reverse distribution may occur in three cases. These are;

  • Customer initiative-voluntarily returned goods.

  • Industry initiative-recycling.

  • Govemment initiative-product recalls (Murphy, 1986, p.12).

When the studies carried out in the following years are examined, it is seen that the definitions have begun to differentiate. For example, according to Rogers and Tibben-Lembke (1998) reverse logistics is “the process of planning, implementing, and controlling the efficient, cost effective flow of raw materials, in-process inventory, finished goods and related information from the point of consumption to the point of origin for the purpose of recapturing value or proper disposal” (Rogers & Tibben-Lembke, 1998, p.2). Srivastava (2008:547) defines reverse logistics as “the process of planning, implementing, and controlling the efficient, effective inbound flow, inspection and disposition of returned products and related information for the purpose of recovering value”.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Brick and Click: “Brick” is the physical store, and “click” is the online store. In recent years, such firms have increased both at global and national scale.

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