Robotics in Surgical Techniques Robotics in Surgical Techniques: Present and Future Trends

Robotics in Surgical Techniques Robotics in Surgical Techniques: Present and Future Trends

Vassilia Costarides (AiM Research Team, Biomedical Engineering Laboratory, National Technical University of Athens, Greece), Apollon Zygomalas (University of Patras, Greece & University Hospital of Patras, Greece), Kostas Giokas (National Technical University of Athens, Greece) and Dimitris Koutsouris (National Technical University of Athens, Greece)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1204-3.ch102

Abstract

Healthcare robotic applications are a growing trend due to rapid demographic changes that affect healthcare systems, professionals and quality of life indicators, for the elderly, the injured and the disabled. Current technological advances in robotic systems offer an exciting field for medical research, as the interdisciplinary approach of robotics in healthcare and specifically in surgery is continuously gaining ground. This chapter features a review of current applications, from external large scale robotic devices to nanoscale swarm robots programmed to interact on a cellular level.
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Identified Needs

Robot-assisted surgery originally developed to overcome certain limitations of minimally invasive procedures. Based on the analysis of sensor information, healthcare robots use systems capable of doing mechatronic actions to provide healthcare services, such as diagnosis, interventions, treatment, support rehabilitation and prevention (Bogue, 2011). Patients, healthcare professionals and relevant stakeholders such as public institutions, insurance companies, and researchers, are setting the clear lines around the needs and challenges regarding technological evolution and turning points in robot-assisted surgery.

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