RTI and OGD Synergy for Society, Economy, and Democracy

RTI and OGD Synergy for Society, Economy, and Democracy

Aikaterini Yannoukakou (University of Macedonia, Greece)
Copyright: © 2015 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-5888-2.ch320
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Background

Even though both movements have quite different origins and evolution, the main driver and focus of both RTI and OGD movements are the re-use of government information. Allen (1992), Birkinshaw (1997) and Meijer and Thaens (2009) define government information as “the information produced, collected, maintained, managed and held by public organization for the purpose of performing their statutory functions,” whereas Hernon (1991) argues that “…[government information] is an inherent right or part of the social contract between government and the governed to hold government accountable to its citizenry.” Also, Bertot and Jaeger (2010) explicitly focus both on how e-government can enhance the access to government information and on the measures, technical and administrative, that must be taken well in advanced in order for this access to be equal, undiscriminating and inclusive.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Data Divide: The gap among those who have the resources to access and use open government data and those who have not.

Government Information: The information produced, collected and held by public organization during performing of their statutory functions.

Open Government Data: Raw and unstructured data concerning the working of a government and/or public agency that are subject to no intellectual property, copyright or licensing restrictions and are freely available to everyone for use, distribution and re-use.

Intellectual Accessibility: The state of having the skills and knowledge to interpret open government data or the contextual framework accompanying open government data.

Effective Data Use: The ensurance that the appropriate resources, means and opportunities are available and adapted to the widest possible range of user to use open data in order to educe useful outcomes.

Linked Open Government Data: The process of linking open government data in a structured way using web technologies in order to become more useful to the end user.

Right to Information: The inherent right of every citizen to access the government information in order to exercise control on its government’s workings and to be better informed to participate to the decision-making process.

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