Russia's Foreign Trade in Agricultural Commodities in Its Transition to Liberalization: A Path to Go Green

Russia's Foreign Trade in Agricultural Commodities in Its Transition to Liberalization: A Path to Go Green

Vasily Erokhin (Harbin Engineering University, China)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9814-7.ch006
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Abstract

The chapter includes an analysis of the current state of the international organic market and contemporary tendencies in the production and marketing of green products in Russia. Analysis of Russia's foreign trade in agricultural products is also provided. This chapter includes an overview of major threats and opportunities for organic production in Russia in view of trade liberalization. This is also related to state support of green production in Russia and CIS and its influence on volumes, directions, structure and effectiveness of trade. The chapter concludes with assessment of perspective tools to ensure sustainability of green production through a set of political, social and financial tools, and bigger involvement of rural households into international competition, diversification of traditional rural sources of income by means of green production, local identification and specialization, and utilization of existing competitive advantages.
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Background

The main issues of international trade in agricultural commodities, including organic products, were researched by many authors. Particularly, Tinbergen J. (1981) developed the first national comprehensive macroeconomic model and applied dynamic models for the analysis of economic processes. Porter M. (2008) developed the competitive strategy and addressed the competitiveness and economic development of nations, states, and regions. Effects of trade liberation for multi-regional trade were studied by Boehringer C. and Rutherford T. (1999), and Estevadeordal A., Freund C. and Ornelas E. (2008).

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