Scenario of Quality Potato Production in Rajasthan

Scenario of Quality Potato Production in Rajasthan

Lokesh Kumar Jain (College of Agriculture, Agriculture University, Jodhpur, India)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 17
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-1715-3.ch007
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Abstract

Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is one of the most important non-traditional tuber crops of Rajasthan. The potato tuber is a modified stem developed underground on a specialized structure called stolen. It contributes to food and nutritional security and provide cheap source of vegetable. It is used either alone or intermingled with other vegetables. It is also consumed as many fried salted food items. Potato is a highly nutritious, easily digestible, wholesome food. In Rajasthan, where varied climatic conditions promoting cultivation of almost every crops and vegetables, the economic conditions of growers, lack of storage facilities and lack of improved technologies for the state remain as bottleneck for its cultivation. In this chapter I tried to elaborate the constraints and possible suggestion for increasing cultivation of potato which is fairly to highly responsive to inputs supplied and gave cash returns in short periods.
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Area And Production Of Potato In The State

In Rajasthan, it is grown on an approximate 10000 ha of land as vegetables and it occupies nearly 0.5 per cent of total area in the country. The productivity in the state is 116.96 q/ha (2012-13) (and was almost 40% of the nation (227.6 q/ha) productivity on such harsh and non-traditional areas (WWW.agriexchange.apeda.gov.in/production/). The crop is grown by many vegetable growers for local household consumption either in very small area or in kitchen gardens but these are not in black and white in the state production statistics. The contribution was totally rainfall dependent and production varies from 54.82 to 178.02 (000’tonnes) from 2005 to 2013-14 (Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2014). Under such harsh climatic condition (non-traditional areas for potato cultivation) where soil and water along with climate pose a great threaten to cultivation, crop has great potential for increase. It is sure that the production may be boost up and may be touch the national status if managed properly by following improved agronomic practices under changing climate and global warming situations. Potato is grown in almost all the districts excluding Barmer, Jaiselmer and Jodhpur of Rajasthan. The major potato producing districts are Dholpur, Bharatpur, Kota, Sirohi, Jhalawar etc. in the state. The production is largely dependent of rainfall pattern (Rajasthan Agriculture Statistics at a Glance 2012-2013).

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