School Safety Through Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED): CPTED School Safety

School Safety Through Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED): CPTED School Safety

Peter Arthur Barone (Webber International University, USA)
Copyright: © 2019 |Pages: 19
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-6246-7.ch023

Abstract

Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) was defined along with how it works and what it can be used for relating to school safety. An overview of its origins, history, and history of its successful uses in other fields to create safe environments is shown. Psychological and sociological theories of rational choice and deterrence were discussed as they relate to CPTED. The process of assessment to develop the proper creation and application of CPTED in the design of school building(s) was explained along with how CPTED can be applied to existing school buildings via assessments by CPTED professionals and how modifications of existing buildings can be accomplished to obtain the same results as an originally designed building. The 11 elements of CPTED were identified, and the chapter explains how they can be implemented to provide a safe environment through the environmental design. The benefits of what CPTED can be accomplished by creating a safe environment for students, teachers, and administrators in the school campuses and buildings is also presented.
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It is important to understand how significant the issue of safety has been and continues to be in all aspects of life to people in general. Realistically, both safety and security have always been an issue since the beginning of time. A review of history shows that for more than a century, public health practitioners have modified the environment to prevent disease and injury with a very good amount of success. As an example, a look back to the mid-1850s shows that at that particular time there was a physician by the name of Dr. John Snow who removed the pump handle from a contaminated well in London, England to stop a deadly cholera outbreak. This action saved many lives and it was not a medical invention or discover of a vaccine; it was however, an action of the changing of the environmental design of an item which was needed for use to obtain water which all life needs for subsistence and existence (Crowe, 2000). A look and examination into a more recent and more modern time shows another environmental change or modification which has saved lives and has actually become law, which involves such items as the seat belt and airbags which are required to be in all vehicles. Other environmental modifications, such as sidewalks and community parks, have increased physical activity while helping to reduce obesity and safety of pedestrians walking to and from locations (Crowe, 2000).

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