Self-Organization: Body and Mind

Self-Organization: Body and Mind

DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1706-2.ch003

Abstract

In the previous chapter, theoretically possible scenarios of self-organization of complex systems were described. Now, the one that is most suitable for modeling human consciousness are chosen. The validity of the choice is determined by the correspondence of the scenario to the facts related to the structure of the body, mental organization, internal self-regulation, and interactions with the environment. Verification shows that it is necessary to choose a scenario (1S, 1O). Based on it, the “human-environment” model is constructed, which is a 1-type model. Within the framework of this model, the characteristics of the levels and channels of human interaction with the environment, the mechanisms of the occurrence of exchanges and perceptions, the limits of self-regulation, and the definitions of important characteristics of the human personality are determined. The findings discuss some of the epistemological consequences of adopting the human-environment model.
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Background

First of all, it is a need to determine the facts that allow choosing the scenario of self-organization correctly. For that purpose, consider the data of several sciences:

  • Anatomy related to the general plan of the body structure (Sinelnikov & Sinelnikov, 1996).

  • Physiology related to the organs of perception and mechanisms of self-regulation (Georgieva et al., 1981; Ivanitskiy, 2008).

  • Psychology related to the processes of perception and mental activity (Fechner, 1882; Arnheim, 1974).

  • Physics related to the origin and distribution of light and sound, as well as conservation laws (Morz, 1949; Gorelik, 1959; Luria, 1985; Matveev, 1985; Gegenfurtner & Sharpe, (Eds.),1999).

When a self-organization scenario is defined and a model of the “human-environment” system is built, it will become possible to determine the characteristics of the levels and channels of human interaction with the environment, the mechanisms of occurrence of exchanges and perceptions, and the limits of self-regulation of the body. This is the main task of the chapter.

It should be remembered that a human is a holistic system, and all certain characteristics must comply with the conditions of unity.

Numerous studies are devoted to the determination of factors that contribute to the preservation of the unity of the system or are signs of unity. First of all, these are various symmetries (Weil, 1968; Urmantsev 1974, 1988; conservation laws related to them (E. Noether, 1918) harmonious relations, in particular, “the golden proportion” (Vasiutinskiy, 1990, Korobko, 1997; Bodnar, 2005), Fibonacci numbers and ratios derived from them (Soroko 1984; Olsen, 2006). Thus, verification of the model under the conditions of the unity of the system can be carried out.

The characteristics of the human mind are closely related to the main problem of epistemology - the question of the cognoscibility of a human and the world. This question has been raised in philosophy, psychology, theology ever since they arose (Aristotle, 1976-1983; Plato, 2006; Radhakrishnan, 1956-1957). And different schools defended opposing points of view - from the complete negation of the world’s cognoscibility in view of its illusory nature, to a recognition of the fundamental possibility of knowing it (Hegel, 1913, 1916; Descartes, 1989-1994; Leibniz, 1982-1989; Locke, 1985-1988; Losskiy, 1992; Spinoza, 1999). The discussions of the Grand Unification, Anthropic Principle, and Artificial Intelligence, performed by modern scientists, are echoes of the controversies of ancient and medieval scientists and show that the issue is still far from being resolved, and, therefore, the insight resulting from the theory of self-organization is relevant.

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