Semantic Web-Linked Data and Libraries

Semantic Web-Linked Data and Libraries

Wasim Rahaman (Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-9825-1.ch003

Abstract

The present society is considered an information society. A society where the creation, distribution, use, integration, and manipulation of digital information have become the most significant activity in all aspects. Information is producing from every sector of any society, which has resulted in an information explosion. Modern technologies are also having a huge impact. So managing this voluminous information is really a tough job. Again WWW has opened the door to connect anyone or anything within a fraction of a second. This study discussed the Semantic Web and linked data technologies and their effect and application to libraries for the handling of various types of resources.
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Objectives Of The Study

The followings are the core objectives of this study to aware of

  • The semantic web and linked data in brief.

  • Why, when and how the web and linked data became the semantic web and linked open data.

  • Components of the semantic web and linked data; its framework, standards, languages etc.

  • The architecture of the web of stack of the semantic web.

  • The advantages and disadvantages of the semantic web and linked data.

  • The application of semantic web and linked data in the LIS field.

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Literature Review

A lot of studies were done on the semantic web, linked data and its application in libraries. Some of them are highlighted here. Bakshi and Karger (2005) illustrated the tools built into the Haystack information management from the semantic web. Horrocks (2008) stated the process of RDF and OWL as the standard format for sharing and integration of information and knowledge. The general introduction to some ontology languages and its role in the semantic web (Antoniou et al., 2005). Bizer et al. (2009) refer to the concepts and principles of linked data and situate these within the broader context of related technological developments. Bizer et al. (2008) outlined the technical context in which linked data is situated and the development in the past years through initiatives. The possibilities of representing the most prevalent form of MARC, MARC21 as RDF for the Semantic web (Styles & Ayers, n.d.). Macgregor (2009) illustrated the application of semantic web and related technology to discover a variety of e-resources.

Key Terms in this Chapter

OWL: Web Ontology Language is a mechanism to process the content of web information. It provides more machine interpretability than XML, RDF and RDF Schema by facilitating additional vocabulary with the existing semantics.

SKOS: Simple Knowledge Organisation System is standard to support and use of organising knowledge in a systematic frame like thesauri, classification scheme, subject heading system, taxonomies, etc.

Markup Language: It is the process of defining and presenting contents through the web in a syntactically distinguishable format. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the first and basic markup language then eXtensible Markup Language (XML) came into existence as extended version.

W3C: The World Wide Web Consortium is a web standard community to lead the web to its full potential and to run and maintain the web from a-z through standards.

RDF: Resource Description Framework is a standard data model for the exchange of data over the internet. Basically, it is a method of describing or modelling the concept of data. A set of classes having certain properties to provide basic elements to describe those data is known as RDF Schema. The set of classes are called as vocabulary or ontology in the web language.

World Wide Web: The World Wide Web or the web is a network of space where contents are available and accessible from any web-enabled device written in a particular language. The web is now transmitted to semantic web from document centric to data centric.

Linked Data: It is an interlink technology between two or more documents of related thoughts. Now the links become an open license for most use of thought contents.

HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol is an application based protocol for transforming of information through WWW. Through protocol can interchange information by text or media or can hyperlink to other resources/webpages.

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