Sensitization of Sustainable Manufacturing Strategies to Benefit Indian SMEs

Sensitization of Sustainable Manufacturing Strategies to Benefit Indian SMEs

Vimal Kek (Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering, India) and Jayakrishna Kandasamy (VIT University, India)
Copyright: © 2018 |Pages: 7
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3537-9.ch005

Abstract

In recent times, globalization policy eliminates the restriction of market boundaries, enabling all manufacturers to exploit the markets of developing countries, due to which, the environmental regulations in the developing countries are evolving to secure their nature with stringent regulation. In this view, this article is written to impart knowledge on sustainable manufacturing to all manufacturers. However, for successful implementation of sustainable manufacturing practices, formulation of strategies is found to be essential. In this view, critical insights have been presented by reviewing existing practices of sustainable manufacturing, how to deploy them and their correlation with the environmental benefits are mapped to support practicing managers. The practices discussed in the chapter include process optimization in view of the environment energy modeling, waste minimization options, better end-of-life policies, material efficiency and need to employee training.
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Sustainable Manufacturing Practices

In the past, green competitive pressure and government legislations were not same for developing and developed countries. But, scarcity of material and energy, the improved environmental consciousness of customers and globalization turned the scenario (Nidumolu et al. 2009). These form the major reason for restructuring organizations stake on sustainable development. Altogether, these reasons force organizations to shift from pollution control strategy to prevention strategy.

Also, based on analysis of process flow diagram (Figure 1) of the manufacturing process, the identified wastes are released to technosphere and ecosphere. Kleindorfer et al. (2005) suggested employee involvement, waste reduction, energy conservation, and emission control are important internal strategies to enable sustainability of organizations. Also, Rashid et al. (2008) pointed out, for enabling sustainable material unitization: waste minimization, material efficiency, resource efficiency and eco-efficiency as the critical strategy. However, sustainable manufacturing practices have three perspectives namely material, system and process (Vimal et al. 2014). Sustainable manufacturing practices focus on input materials, processes, Transportation, packaging and disposal after use phase, among others. Of the life cycle stages, material and manufacturing processes are found to be significant as far as the environment is considered.

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