Sleep Management Promotes Healthy Lifestyle, Mental Health, QOL, and a Healthy Brain

Sleep Management Promotes Healthy Lifestyle, Mental Health, QOL, and a Healthy Brain

Hideki Tanaka (Hiroshima International University, Japan) and Maki Furutani (Hiroshima International University, Japan)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2113-8.ch022
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Abstract

This chapter is an overview of sleep, lifestyle, mental, and physical health, and the characteristics of insomnia among the elderly and students. The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of the effects of the sleep management with actual examples of public health from the community and schools. Sleep management that included short naps and exercise in the evening was effective in promoting sleep and mental health with elderly people. The interventions demonstrated that the proper awakening maintenance and keeping proper arousal level during the evening were effective in improving sleep quality. Furthermore, sleep management that included sleep education and cognitive-behavioral interventions improved sleep-related habits and the quality of sleep. In this study, a sleep educational program using minimal cognitive-behavioral modification techniques was developed. Mental and physical health were also improved along with improving sleep with the elderly and students. These results suggest that cognitive-behavioral interventions to improve the sleep practices are effective for mental health, the activity of daily living (ADL), and the quality of life (QOL)
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Introduction

Many recent surveys in Japan have reported that one in three Japanese elderly individuals and one in five Japanese adults and students suffer from insomnia. Insomnia is becoming a serious social problem; insomnia is listed as one of the refractory diseases of the 21st century. It has been observed that today's adolescents and children have nocturnal lifestyles and sleep for few hours. The percentage of pupils who experience insufficient sleep is 59% for those in elementary school, 67% for those in junior high school students,74% for those in high school. These percentages increase throughout the school year, and they exceeded the 55.6% of adults who reported sleep insufficiency. The effects of a lack of sleep or sleep disorder on brain function include decreased memory and learning functions (Bonnet, 1994), and lower powers of attention and concentration (Drake, et al.2001). To ensure proper sleep practices, correct knowledge about sleep is important. Moreover, proper sleeping habits are important. Recently, several non- pharmacological treatments have been shown to improve sleep.

The objectives of this chapter are to provide an overview of the effect of sleep management using sleep education and cognitive-behavioral interventions that aim to improve sleep-related habits, the quality of sleep, and health.

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