Social e-Entrepreneurship, Employment, and e-Learning

Social e-Entrepreneurship, Employment, and e-Learning

Mediha Tezcan (Anadolu University, Turkey)
Copyright: © 2013 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2667-6.ch008
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Abstract

Social entrepreneurship is the demonstration of entrepreneurial behavior aimed to meet the requirements of the society, rather than generating profit, bearing economic risks, providing innovative opportunities, having a social goal and value and for social benefits, and members are comprised of volunteering individuals and groups. Social entrepreneurs serve in a wide range of areas. Employment is among the most significant of these. The labor market policies implemented to increase employment also include education. Education is the power that allows rearing well-rounded and conscious citizens and building interdependent and participatory societies. The rapid changes in the communications and information technologies sectors today have also influenced the educational sciences. In this chapter, the social and economic benefits provided by the utilization of the e-learning programs in the trainings provided by the social entrepreneur organizations, aimed to generate employment, are discussed.
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Background

The Third Sector

The Third Sector, i.e. social economy; is the economic activities carried on by the social entrepreneurship sector or organizations belonging to the sectors defined as the non-profit sector (Ridley-Duff & Bull, 2011, 12). The third sector is a big, interrelated activities complex, organizing the economic life.

We are living in a global world, where the social structure, economy and politics are changing rapidly. These changes are further increasing the significance of the third sector. The third sector includes areas such as, reducing poverty, rearranging welfare distribution, increasing employment level, education opportunities aimed to reduce unemployment, increase of human and social capital build-up, disadvantaged individuals and groups, creating education and job opportunities for individuals subject to sexual discrimination and individuals or groups subject to ethnic discrimination, providing health services to the poor segment, protection of the natural environment, supporting agriculture, fighting against erosion, preservation of art, museums, historical monuments and cultural values and sustainable development. The third sector, in general, has a different and valuable role in the emergence of a sustainable, wealthy and comprehensive society (Birch & Whittam, 2008, 439; Chaves & Mazon, 2011, 16; Hulgård, 2011, 208; Kendall & Anheier, 2001, 228).

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