Social Internet of Things

Social Internet of Things

Sejal Atit Bhavsar (Gandhinagar Institute of Technology, India), Brinda Yeshu Pandit (Gandhinagar Institute of Technology, India) and Kirit J. Modi (Ganpat University, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7790-4.ch010

Abstract

Internet of things has gathered significance within the latest technology domain and trends. As a result, it offers greater ways of accessing data and utilizing intelligent systems. IoT applications are developed for specific scenarios (i.e., smart home, smart transportation, smart agriculture, e-health, etc.). Such IoT applications are inefficient for sharing data and knowledge through services. This results in an inefficient exploitation of different IoT service applications. Social internet of things (SIoT) has efficient and effective ways to support these kinds of services. A concept of social internet of things has been proposed in this chapter in order to support efficient data sharing. This chapter explores related work and literature study on social internet of things, concentrates on mapping IoT with SIoT, and describes a possible architecture for SIoT, components, layers and processes of SIoT. It also illustrates applications, where SIoT can be used, and at the end, the authors provide a few challenges related to SIoT.
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IoT requires technology that provides information sharing between smart devices without any human intervention. With this advancement of Internet of things, non-human objects i.e. smart devices enter into social network and begin social relations with humans. In this manner, it is essential to consider the cooperation of human to human as well as the interconnection of device to device with the goal of sharing data to IoT. Recently, there have been a significant number of research exercises that examine the possibilities of coordinating social network communication ideas into IoT environment. This section shows mapping of Internet of things to Social internet of things. Social infrastructure is now converging with the Internet of Things, which simply creates a new phenomenon known as Social IoT, where IoT meets social infrastructure.

A simple example of SIoT is household garbage pickup van. As per our daily routine, garbage pickup van has a specific route with specific time to collect garbage. But when, amount of garbage is different from its usual quantity, the whole schedule gets disturbed. In order to make things easy, a sensor can be attached to that container, which can fetch real time data of garbage weight. By using that data more amount of garbage could be collected efficiently. Currently this is being used in Santander (Spain).

SIoT concept can also be applied with our smart home by transferring some power of one device to other which needs it. It is not necessary that they belongs to same type of object. The relationship between the heterogeneous object can be established to work efficiently with system. Following sub section discusses why SIoT is next subsequent stage for future.

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