Taking Logistics Service Providers into Account in Industrial Classifications

Taking Logistics Service Providers into Account in Industrial Classifications

Laurence Saglietto (Côte d'Azur University, France)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2008-7.ch005
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Abstract

This expansion of logistics beyond the boundaries of the firm is illustrated by innovative new practices between firms, suppliers, retailers, and service providers. In this respect, many articles tend to present logistics service providers (LSP) in the form of taxonomies, and to highlight their evolution with the help of representative figures. However, there are doubts about the origin and credibility of these figures, because LSP are not clearly identified in the international industry classifications on which they are based. The author’s aim is to identify the community of LSP, and 4PL in particular, as it is most immaterial. At first, the chapter briefly reviews the literature on LSP classifications and their limitations when it comes to taking 4PL into account. It then proposes a methodology to address this problem, which is tested through an empirical study, leading to formulate a new definition of 4PL based on the taxonomy, which is discussed at last.
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Review Of The Literature On Lsp Classifications

The changes that LSP have undergone with the acceleration in the outsourcing of logistic functions cut across all the different categories, as the following literature review will show. The classification of LSP in general and 4PL in particular, is of prime importance, because the group into which a firm is categorised becomes a vector of integration and performance.

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