The Holon/Parton Structure of the Meme, or The Unit of Culture

The Holon/Parton Structure of the Meme, or The Unit of Culture

J. T. Velikovsky (University of Newcastle, Australia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-7368-5.ch059

Abstract

This chapter uses systems theory and complexity theory to describe the holon/parton structure of the unit of culture, also known as the meme. The structure of the unit of culture viewed as the holon-parton is a conceptual, theoretical, practical, and scientific tool for identifying and analyzing units (as parts, and as wholes), potentially within all symbol systems in culture. The theoretical perspective adopted in this chapter is evolutionary systems theory. Memes are defined as units of culture, or ideas, processes, or products.
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Theoretical Perspective

The theoretical perspective adopted in this chapter is Evolutionary Systems Theory.5Introduction to Systems Philosophy: Toward a New Paradigm of Contemporary Thought,Laszlo (1972) incorporates Living Systems Theory (Miller, 1968)6 and Bunge’s hierarchical structures (Bunge, 1969) to provide a framework for understanding universal structures spanning from subatomic physics, through biology, chemistry, organisms, and social systems to the cosmos (Laszlo, 1972, pp. 29, 177-180). An illustration of this view is shown in Figure 1.

Figure 1.

The Evolutionary Systems View, from the multiverse through to subatomic particles (derived from Laszlo 1972); image copyright IGI Global (Velikovsky 2016, p. 211)

978-1-5225-7368-5.ch059.f01

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