The Landscape Cultural Construction: A Recognition of the Roman Tradition

The Landscape Cultural Construction: A Recognition of the Roman Tradition

Isabel Sousa Rosa (University of Lisbon, Portugal), Joana C. Lopes (University of Lisbon, Portugal) and Ricardo J. Ribeiro (University of Lisbon, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9845-1.ch006
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Abstract

The interdependent relation between urban settlements and their environment has been broadly neglected over the last two centuries, particularly near major urban centers. This reflects in an unbalanced and often inadequate occupation of the territory, leading to the deterioration of quality of human life by loss of ecological and cultural diversity. In this sense, it was carried out a research to develop a Potential Land-Use Plan for the Portuguese territory to assess the land suitability for the installation of multiple human activities. The concept proposed for this chapter, will be based on a reinterpretation of tradition, following the current concepts of ecological and cultural sustainability, concerning the historical occupation of the Portuguese territory focusing on the Roman period using a GIS environment.
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Background

The landscape, like a dynamic entity, expresses itself according to the relationships that occur in the territory. These relationships emerge on the land by the complex interaction between biophysical and human systems, which result from the ongoing actions of communities upon their efforts to survive (Ingold, 2011; Barnet, 2013).

However, the recent unilinear vision of economic development that has been broadly adopted is currently being challenged by the territory’s inability to endure the transgression of its limits. It is crucial to be aware of the extent of consequences associated with the various modes of resource exploitation and the landscape intervention, which couldn’t jeopardize the survival of communities. The increase of incompatibility between human activities and ecosystems that support them means that must be find alternative approaches that contribute to the maintenance of the territory integrity.

In Portugal, from a legal standpoint, the answer to this problem has been explored through a series of actions implemented under the classification, management and safeguarding of resources form, though without an integrating framework of concerning the landscape dynamics. This lack of holistic knowledge leads to a constant questioning of measures taken to classify elements are the most appropriate to meet the current human needs involving the future of spatial planning.

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