The Peer Instruction Flipped Learning Model

The Peer Instruction Flipped Learning Model

Troy Faulkner, Jennifer Green
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-7464-6.ch011
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Peer instruction flipped learning blends the concepts of flipped classroom and peer instruction in order to maximize the strengths of both techniques. Peer Instruction, a student-centered learning approach developed by Eric Mazur of Harvard University, engages students in the learning process through small group discussions. Flipped classroom, credited largely to Jon Bergmann and Aaron Sams, reverses the roles of traditional lecture and “homework” in order to maximize student learning. This chapter discusses the research on peer instruction and flipped learning, the details of implementing the peer instruction flipped learning model, and the benefits of using a peer instruction flipped learning model. This chapter also details one high school's experiences with these strategies.
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Eric Mazur, Harvard physics professor, began using Peer Instruction in 1991, and Aaron Sams and Jonathan Bergmann, credited for pioneering the flipped classroom in Colorado, began their work in 2007. Technically separate entities, peer instruction and flipped learning have the same goals: increase student engagement and learning. According to current research, both are powerful, flexible tools for educators to consider implementing. Separately, each strategy has been shown to impact learning and student perceptions. Each strategy presents unique advantages to instruction, but this chapter will argue the real strength comes when they are used in combination.

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