Using Technology to Address Workforce Readiness Skills

Using Technology to Address Workforce Readiness Skills

Thomas G. Reio Jr. (Florida International University, USA) and Chaundra L. Whitehead (Florida International University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8632-8.ch094
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Abstract

All too often, students either drop out of school or graduate with poor workplace readiness skills. The lack of preparedness is costly both on a short- and long-term basis to students, families, employers, and societies in general. In the workplace, employers are forced to be at the vanguard of addressing critical basic skill deficiencies related to reading, writing, mathematics, and using computers, among others, to remain competitive. Addressing these worker skills gaps through training and development activities can be cost prohibitive to organizations, especially in tough economic times. Understandably, business leaders are becoming more critical of an education system that produces individuals with such gaps. The purpose of this chapter is to explore the use of technology as a productive means of meeting the developmental or remedial educational needs of various underprepared workers entering the job market.
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Introduction

In a competitive marketplace, companies must continuously find ways to remain economically viable or face certain insolvency (Porter, 1985). A company’s workforce is a major part of remaining competitive for the reason that it provides companies with an important reservoir of knowledge and expertise to draw upon as the need for taking risks, critical thinking and problem solving evolves (Barney & Wright, 1998; Ferguson & Reio, 2010). To develop this important human resource, companies must have a system in place to manage the inputs (employee skills and motivation) and processes (practices related to recruiting and selection, reward, and training and development) necessary to attain optimal organizational performance (Ferguson & Reio, 2010). One tried-and-true process for increasing a company’s ability to meet current and future organizational goals is through recruitment and selection practices. In the course of such activities, human resource managers can ensure hiring those individuals with the technical and interpersonal skills, competencies, and experiences required to help companies meet market demands (i.e., workplace readiness skills; McClain & McClain, 2007). Unfortunately, however, this is where companies come face-to-face with the reality that prospective employees frequently lack even the most basic workplace readiness skills to meet company needs.

The lack of skills, competencies, and experiences or workplace readiness necessary for success in the workplace continues to be at the forefront of much of the discourse surrounding adult education, business training and employability because employers are reporting a pronounced shortage of qualified workers (Amodeo, Jin, & Kling, 2009; Bruno, Jin, & Morris, 2010). Because of substantial skills gaps, workers are underprepared and therefore lacking in the workplace readiness skills necessary for securing and maintaining gainful employment. In particular, there is concern for the high-growth, high-tech industries of the future workplace, which will demand even more advanced skills.

At the most elemental level, too many prospective and current workers are lacking basic skills, despite completing a high school diploma (Bruno et al., 2010). Thus, high school drop outs are not the only ones less likely to possess the level of workplace readiness skills necessary for success. Upon entering the workforce, companies are finding high school graduates are not only missing basic reading, writing and mathematical skills, but they are also lacking in other skills required for attaining career goals, such as oral and written communication, self-discipline, time management, interpersonal skills and teamwork, problem-solving, numeracy, confidence and leadership, and motivation (Raftopoulos, Coetzee, & Visser, 2009). Of special note is that these deficiencies are not only limited to new high school graduates transitioning into their first jobs, but also recently displaced workers from previous positions who are forced to seek new lines of work.

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