Vocational and Technical Education Policies and Practices for Syrian Students in Turkey

Vocational and Technical Education Policies and Practices for Syrian Students in Turkey

Pınar Mardin Yılmaz (Hacettepe University, Turkey)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3325-2.ch013
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In the process that started with the Syrian crisis in 2011, Turkey welcomed Syrian citizens who had to leave the country. Turkey has begun to develop policies which respond to the needs of the Syrian migrants in different areas, with a different approach to the process, with increasing confusion and threats in Syria, which they see temporarily before. One of these areas is the need for education. In this study, the policies and practices of vocational and technical education will be analyzed, together with the general education policy for Syrian citizens called international protection in Turkey. For this reason, policy documents and policies have been analyzed in detail. Especially, it has benefit from the the data and studies of the Prime Ministry Disaster & Emergency Management Authority, which has undertaken the coordination of citizens of Syria in Turkey. In addition, the studies conducted by public institutions and foundations and non-governmental organizations are also mentioned.
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There are several different concepts about that moving population in the migration literature such as migrant, refugee, displaced and diaspora (Man, 2015). The terms “migrant”, “asylum seeker” and “refugee” are often intermingled with each other (Kaya and Yılmaz-Eren, 2014). In this context, it is important to use the correct concept regarding the Syrians in our country.

Turkey has accepted the concept of refugee as a part of the Geneva Convention As long as the refugee status is given, the person yields asylum status. Refugees generally have similar rights, although they vary from country to country (Başak, 2011). As the concept of refugee in Turkey is only given to European origins, those from outside Europe are granted asylum status. For these reasons, contrary to widespread use, the Syrians who escaped from civil war in their country and came to Turkey were legally called as “asylum seeker” (Efe, 2015).

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