Work-Life Balance: The Importance of Human Resource Managers' Role

Work-Life Balance: The Importance of Human Resource Managers' Role

Susana Pasamar (Pablo de Olavide, Spain) and Macarena López-Fernández (Universidad de Cádiz, Spain)
Copyright: © 2016 |Pages: 16
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0356-9.ch014
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Abstract

This chapter explores the role of human resource managers in work-life balance, analysing the evolution of women's role in society and in the labour market. The existence of different barriers that keep women far of managerial positions is pointed out, as well as the factors that could explain why this glass ceiling is still present. Human resource managers play an important role as agents responsible for the profitability and growth of the organization, but also as victims of work-family conflict of their own and as important actors in implementation of family-supportive policies designed to alleviate this conflict. Their perceptions about the positive and negative outcomes related to Work-life balance will be analised in this chapter.
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Gender And Work

Traditionally, patriarchal societies assign to men the responsibility for providing income to the household and women all obligations related to the domestic, such us care and child rearing and housework. Traditional gender roles division linked male identity to the concept of “profession” and female role to “mother and/or wife”. This explain how still in the current society a behaviour or attitude is associated, appropriate or not, according to the gender of the person.

In recent decades, the labour market has undergone significant changes. There have been economic, political, social, cultural and structural reforms that have meant that many women become part of the workforce, breaking their traditional role and achieving qualification levels and work experience comparable to men. Women’s increasing participation in paid work has led to the transformation of family structures, from breadwinner-homemaker model to dual-earner arrangement.

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