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What is Intellectual Property

Modern Theories and Practices for Cyber Ethics and Security Compliance
Intellectual property is an intangible property used by individuals or corporations. Three different legal traditions protect intellectual property, trade secrets, copyrights, and patent.
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Students' Intentions on Cyber Ethics Issues
Isaac Wiafe (University of Ghana, Ghana), Winfred Yaokumah (University of Ghana, Ghana), and Felicia Amanfo Kissi (Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration, Ghana)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3149-5.ch007
Abstract
Cyber ethical decisions have grave moral, legal, and social consequences on individuals, organizations, and societies at large. This chapter examines the extent of cyber unethical intentions among students on cyber piracy, cyber plagiarism, computer crime and abuses, and cyber privacy infringement. Using frequency analysis and the t-test of independent samples, the results showed that almost 24% of the respondents have intentions to engage in cyber piracy and about 13% would infringe on others privacy in cyberspace. More respondents have intentions to commit cyber piracy as compared to other cyber ethic issues, while cyber privacy infringement was the least observed. Almost 30% of respondents had intentions to commit software piracy, and 18.6% would engage in hacking activities. Also, cybercrime and computer abuse were more common among males than females. Cyber plagiarism was significantly higher among foreign students when compared to local students. Cyber piracy, cyber plagiarism, computer crime, and cyber privacy infringement were significantly higher in public universities.
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Open Source Software and the Digital Divide
Ideas, creations, and inventions that are the exclusive property of the owners.
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E-Human Rights
The right of to control access to and use of one’s intellectual creations.
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Ethical Issues in Digital Information Technology
The production of some original work or thought which by legal right is recognized as having been produced by or owned by some individual or organization.
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Copyright with an International Perspective for Academics
A comparatively recent description of the much older concept that intellectual effort can be treated as a form of property and controlled so as to circumscribe or limit the ways in which that intellectual effort is used by others. The concept of intellectual property encompasses copyright, patent, trademarks, moral rights, and other similar forms of legal protection. A contested implication of the use of the term is that intellectual work should attract the same level of legal protection that is given to physical property.
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The Ethical Use of Online Content in Teaching and Learning
Works of a learned nature, given to learning and thinking, which are owned by the entity/individual responsible for creation of the work.
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The Main Principles of Democracy and Its Role in Global Development
Inventions created by the use of human intelligence in publications art and design by individuals that are often illegally used for commercial purposes without credits or royalties to their creators in violation of GAT`s agreement.
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Library Science and Technology in a Changing World
Intangible rights protecting the products of human intelligence and creation.
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An Evaluation of Partnership for Productive Development in Brazil's Healthcare: Measuring the Knowledge Translation from Implementation to the Impact
To protect in law by, for example, patents, copyright and trademarks, which enable people to earn recognition or financial benefit from what they invent or create.
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Exploring Venture Funding in the Entrepreneurial University
Work or invention from creativity that one has rights to via a patent, copyright, or trademark.
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Knowledge and Intellectual Property Rights: An Economics Perspective
A term used to refer to the object of a variety of laws that provide exclusive ownership rights to certain parties.
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Open Innovation Challenges and Coopetition-Based Open-Innovation Empirical Evidence From Malaysia
Category of property that comprises intangible creations such as new ideas.
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Social Bookmarking in Digital Libraries: Intellectual Property Rights Implications
Intellectual property refers to creations of the mind such as inventions; literary and artistic works; and symbols, names and images used in commerce. Intellectual property is divided into two categories: 1) industrial property which includes patents for inventions, trademarks, industrial designs and geographical indications; and 2) copyright covers literary works (such as novels, poems and plays), films, music, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures as well as architectural design.
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Professionally Ethical Ways to Harness an Art-Making Generative AI to Support Innovative Instructional Design Work
Rights related to an original work that may be protected by patent, copyright, trademark, and other elements.
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Creative Commons: Demand of the Time
It refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce.
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Smart and Sustainable Economy: How COVID-19 Has Acted as a Catalyst for China's Digital Transformation
Intellectual property rights refer to the exclusive rights that people enjoy according to law with respect to their intellectual achievements, usually the exclusive right granted by the state to creators for a certain period of time. Intellectual property is essentially an intangible property right. Its object is intellectual achievements or intellectual products.
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Effective Knowledge Sharing: A Guide to the Key Enablers and Inhibitors
Any product of human intellect that the law protects from unauthorized use by others protected as a patent, copyright or trademark.
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AI in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology
Legal rights protecting creations of the mind, such as inventions and artistic works, from unauthorized use.
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The MOOCs: Characteristics, Benefits, and Challenges to Both Industry and Higher Education
Intellectual property refers to individual, group, or creations of corporations such as designs, symbols, inventions, images and names utilized in the process of obtaining profit or commerce.
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Successful Integration of Knowledge for Innovation: A Case Study of Opportunities for Product Development Partnerships in Brazil
To protect in law by, for example, patents, copyright and trademarks, which enable people to earn recognition or financial benefit from what they invent or create.
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Trends and Lessons from the History of Contemporary Distance Learning
The intangible property right to protect the intellectual work of the person/s who created it (includes patents, trademarks, designs and copyright). A critical and extensive area of institutional concern in distance learning since 2000 (King, 2008; Morrison, 2006).
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Instructional Media: A Tool for Your Gigs
Property that can include information and created artifacts. Often considered in terms of copyright.
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Key Challenges for Greek IT Start Ups: An Analysis of Founder Perceptions
A set of company’s intangible assets protected by legal means, such as patents, copyrights, trademarks, etc.
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Fair Use, Copyright, and Academic Integrity in an Online Academic Environment
Property that is essential intangible because it is creative or knowledge based work and as such is usually owned by the person creating the work.
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Setting up a Learning Environment in an Interdisciplinary Professional Collaboration
Legally and exclusive rights and ownership to knowledge based values, both tangible and intangible such as research findings, results, discoveries, and inventions.
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Virtual Hoarding
Many kinds of virtual entities have financial and productive value; intellectual property considerations structure how these entities are owned and/or controlled by individuals and organizations for certain periods of time. Intellectual property can include copyrights, trademarks, and patents.
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Educational Technology and Intellectual Property
Any intangible asset that consists of human knowledge and ideas; the ownership of ideas.
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Open Source
Ideas, creations, and inventions that are the exclusive property of the owners.
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A Guide to Non-Disclosure Agreements for Researchers
“A category of intangible rights protecting commercially valuable products of the human intellect,” including but not limited to trademark, copyright, patent, and trade secret rights (Garner, 2004, p. 824).
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E-Learning as Organizational Strategy
Any product of the human intellect that is unique, novel, and unobvious (and has some value in the marketplace), that is, an idea, invention, expression or literary creation, unique name, business method, industrial process, chemical formula, computer program process, or presentation.
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The International Space Station: Legal Aspects
Is ownership over intangible property like thoughts, ideas and inventions, or for example the industrial design of a space object.
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Tactical Applications of Microbial Forensics in Agricultural and Environmental Biosecurity
An invention or idea resulting from creativity to which one has legal rights and which may qualify for a patent, copyright, trademark or other protection.
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Intelligence in Web Technology
The type of property which is a brain child and literary production of some person or a group or an organization. It can be an art work, a write up. This is a very conceptual definition, for actual definition you need to refer to your local country’s legal definitions. Because, sometimes this varies from country to country.
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Open Source Web Portals
Umbrella term used to refer to the object of a variety of laws, including patent law, copyright law, trademark law, trade-secret law, industrial design law, and potentially others (Wikipedia, 2006 AU16: The in-text citation "Wikipedia, 2006" is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. ).
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E-Books in University Libraries in Kenya: Trends, Usage, and Intellectual Property Issues
Products of the human intellect considered as personal property, especially works protected under the law of copyright and inventions protected by patents.
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Managing Intellectual Property in Digital Libraries: The Roles of Digital Librarians
Sets of legal rules and regulations which ensure that the scholarly and mental output of individuals enshrined in tangible inventions are well- protected and rewarded. Intellectual property includes patents for inventions, copyright, trademarks, industrial designs.
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Orange Economy and Digital Entrepreneurship in Latin America: Creative Sparkles Among Raw Materials
Is called to the regulation that protects the intellectual creation in any of its areas. This legal body is characteristic of each country that protects differently, in form but similar in substance, to the creators.
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The Relevance of Open Innovation for the Generic Pharmaceutical Industry in Developing Countries: Open Innovation to Address Vaccine Divide
It is a type of property that is the creation of mind such as a new product or service, design, symbol, process, idea, and image.
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Employment in Innovation Performance: Comparison of Turkey and EU Countries
Possessions not based on physical property but based on creations of the mind and intelligence.
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Detection and Prevention of Fraud in the Digital Era
Intellectual property (IP) describes intangible assets such as patents, trademarks, designs, copyrights, databases, trade secrets, inventions, technologies, artworks (Kizza, 2010; Karius, 2016). Digital era has introduced remarkable innovations in industries including mass production of intellectual property as in software companies (Britz, 2013).
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Intellectual Property
The intangible property right to protect the intellectual work of the person/s who created it (includes patents, trademarks, designs, and copyright).
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Information Technology and Fair Use
Any intangible asset that consists of human knowledge and ideas; the ownership of ideas
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The Economic Component of World Politics and the Main Global Social and Economic Problems
Inventions created by the use of human intelligence in publications art and design by individuals that are often illegally used for commercial purposes without credits or royalties to their creators in violation of GAT`s agreement.
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Staying Legal and Ethical in Global E-Learning Course and Training Developments: An Exploration
Tangible property created from original creative thoughts and which may be protected through copyright, patenting, trademarks, and other registrations (based on a commercial property-based system)
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Luxury Counterfeiting: Understanding Supply, Demand, and Anti-Counterfeiting Strategies
Refers to literary, musical, and otherwise artistic innovations as well symbols, names and even colors and scents that are unique to one producer or organization. It includes for categories of protections, trade secrets, trademarks, copyrights and patents.
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Copyright Challenges in Digital Libraries in Kenya From the Lens of a Librarian
Intangible creations of the mind such as inventions, literary and artistic works, symbols, names and images used in commerce to which a right is granted to the owners by law.
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Comprehensive Distance Learning Design for Adult Education
The intangible property right to protect the intellectual work of the person/s who created it (includes patents, trademarks, designs and copyright). A critical and extensive area of institutional concern in distance learning since 2000 (King, 2008; Morrison, 2006).
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Blockchain Technology and Additive Manufacturing
Intellectual property describes a generation of consciousness like inventions, artistic works, and literary, symbols, names, and images utilized in commerce.
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Lifelong Learning in the 21st Century
The intangible property right to protect the intellectual work of the person/s who created it (includes patents, trademarks, designs and copyright). Intellectual property is a critical and extensive area of institutional concern in distance learning and the focus of many legal negotiations since 2000 (King, 2008; Morrison, 2006). There are many ways that institutions, organizations, and individuals may handle issues of intellectual property; this area merits recognition, consideration and discussion (King & Griggs, 2006).
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Innovation Dynamics Through the Encouragement of Knowledge Spin-Off From Touristic Destinations
Intellectual property refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions, linked to patent protections under the industrial property rights; commerce distinctive names and images, such as trademarks, under industrial property rights protection; literary and artistic works; designs.
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Ethical Issues and Values in Research
Means the ownership of the research outputs.
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Ethical, Cultural and Socio- Economic Factors of Software Piracy Determinants in a Developing Country: Comparative Analysis of Pakistani and Canadian University Students
Source Forester & Morrison (1990): Results of intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary or artistic fields
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Intellectual Property Challenges in Digital Library Environments
A set of laws that grants certain exclusive rights to inventors and creators of literary and artistic works for their creations for specific periods of time and protects the creation from unauthorised use.
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The Role of Information in Decision Making
Intellectual property is a term used to refer to the object of a variety of laws that provide exclusive ownership rights to certain parties.
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Managing Intellectual Property in Digital Libraries and Copyright Challenges
Creations of the mind such as inventions, literary, artistic works, designs, symbols, names and images used in business.
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