A Web-Based Interactive Questionnaire for PV Application

A Web-Based Interactive Questionnaire for PV Application

Zheng Dai (Realtime Targeting, Copenhagen, Denmark) and Kasper Paasch (Mads Clausen Institute, University of Southern Denmark, Sønderborg, Denmark)
DOI: 10.4018/jskd.2013040106
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Abstract

Questionnaire is a fundamental method for investigation and research, but participants get tired about it, because of the impression of being long and boring, which causes low quality of research. The authors developed an interactive questionnaire as an effective method to involve responder actively. The development of this tool is dynamic process, which goes with a research project called Sunrise-PV. The project is led by the University of Southern Denmark and is collaboration between local organizations to popularize PV system in both residential and the industrial buildings. For such an innovative research, the authors adopt participatory design as research method to develop the research tool in several iterations. Moreover, the authors get a balanced perspective between user needs, market viability, and technical feasibility, which guide their research focus on the artistic and usability aspects, and also raise product concepts and the concern of technical issues.
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2. The Research

2.1. Research Issues

The growing trend of solar energy attracts more companies and institutions to make effort for future energy supply. As to a general cognitive, solar energy has low efficiency, unstable current flow, and high price. But today, the fact is changing faster and faster. A well-designed system and a well-selected place will generate considerable power at a competitive price. A Photovoltaic (PV) system consists of several high technological components. The market, installation environment, and local user’s preference should be considerate all during research. Participatory design balances the perspectives between different fields and involves more people to think together to contribute design concepts (Weller, 2010). We believe that building an interactive tool can facilitate user research effectively and get higher quality research result. The development of this tool, subsequent user research, and usability testing is part of the Sunrise-PV project.

PV has advantages regarding environmental acceptance, as distinct from wind energy produce shadow effects from wings or acoustic noise. They also have little visual impact on the landscape. The requirement of the place for setting up a solar system is low. However these advantages are not common sense of the public. The focus of utilizing energy could be very practical like price, payback time, and how difficult to get. To take PV energy into mass markets, we need to facilitate from two directions. One is to hear the perspectives from end users, technicians, government, and scientists. The other is to popularize the knowledge and current state of PV to the public.

The initial focus was put on residential buildings. To get practical experience from private house owner and professional knowledge from stakeholders, questionnaire is necessary for the investigation. However a bad questionnaire could scares responders and lowers the quality of the investigation. Therefore, we decided to develop a web-based program that people can play around to explore the basic knowledge of PV system and contribute their personal knowledge in to our research as well. The purpose of designing a playable program is that making responders enjoy the process of answer the questionnaire and participate the research actively. The main questions for developing this program are how to choose the content and which playable interactions are suitable. The participatory design process provided rich materials to solve these two issues.

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