iParking: An Intelligent Android-Cloud Based Smart Parking Reservation System Using Smart Phones Supportive to Smart City

iParking: An Intelligent Android-Cloud Based Smart Parking Reservation System Using Smart Phones Supportive to Smart City

Ankita Khadsare (Savitribai Phule Pune University, Department of Computer Engineering, Maharashtra, India), Gauri Jadhav (Savitribai Phule Pune University, Department of Computer Engineering, Maharashtra, India), Sayali Mali (Savitribai Phule Pune University, Department of Computer Engineering, Maharashtra, India) and Shivani Nanaware (Savitribai Phule Pune University, Department of Computer Engineering, Maharashtra, India)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 24
DOI: 10.4018/IJSE.2017070101
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Finding a parking in most of the metropolitan areas, especially during the rush hours, is difficult for drivers nowadays. The iParking system proposed in this paper allows drivers to find and reserve the vacant parking slots through their smartphones and additionally support the principles of “Smart City.” The design and implementation of this proposed system called Reservation Based Smart Parking System (RSPS) is based on cloud computing and android application and finds availability of nearest parking slots. The objective is to reduce the time in finding the parking lots and avoid unnecessary traveling. The technology proposed in this paper is Infrared Sensors (IR Sensors) used for detecting the occupancy of parking slots. The iParking uses Radio Frequency Identification Devices (RFID) to identify and track a car. The methodology proposed in this paper can easily be compared with existing parking system in terms of reducing the fuel consumption.
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The Problem definition is - To design an intelligent android-cloud based smart parking reservation system to reserve/book places for parking in a specific areas through the android application which will help to resolve the parking issues in Metropolitan areas.

Advancements in computer and communication technology and the birth of mobile phone not only gives ease in our day-to-day life but also gifted us with a variety of multimedia applications to visualize complicated graphical user interface on cell-phones. Pre-booking of parking using RSPS is an excellent example of such applications.

Following are some of the benefits of iParking:

  • Pre-booking of parking allows a user to book the desired parking slot of the specific parking area.

  • Payment of parking slot can be done through the application rather than paying and getting bills at parking area.

  • The admin handles the entire management of a parking areas and user's information single handedly.

  • There is absolutely no need of security and management of parking provided the user follows all the instruction through iParking system.

  • Easy supervision on the entire system is possible through sensors and real-time analysis which give information of occupied and unoccupied parking places.


Literature Survey

See Table 1.

Table 1.
Detail literature survey
1.Parking-System proposed by Hongwei Wang and Wenbo He in 2011. (Hongwei et al., 2011).Light sensors that are easily interfered by light sources have been used. These high directional beams are used to strengthen light and reduce the interference. These light sensors deployed in parking lots are responsible for monitoring the real-time condition of parking lots and deliver the sensed information to the smart parking system.
The bottleneck to this system arises when multiple drivers are simultaneously making reservations. Thus, the system has to synchronize the parking information and handle each reservation request; this reduces the system performance and may cause conflicts.
2.Innovative Smart-Car Parking- proposed by Jin Teong Ang and others in 2013. (Teong Ang et al., 2013).This paper uses the Near Field Communication (NFC) function of smartphone as a parking ticket. (In app) Communication will occur when the smartphone is placed near the NFC reader.
The drawback of this system being that it may not be compatible with other devices and the security risk seems to be quite high.
3.Cloud-Computing Parking-System proposed by Thanh Nam Pham and others in 2015 (Nam Pham et al., 2015).It has cloud-based smart parking system and develops a network architecture based on the Internet-of-Things technology. In this system, 1) The vehicle sends a request message to the system,
2)the system then searches the best car park,
3)system further sends response message to vehicle,
4)vehicle enters and authenticates,
5)finally the car park sends response message to the vehicle.
The disadvantage of this system being that the shortest distance between the vehicle and the car park needs to be found for each vehicle. This is a tedious task.
4.Cloud-Computing and RFID based Parking-System proposed by Wei Xie and others in 2013 (Xie et al., 2013).This paper mainly uses RFID tags using radio signals to identify the tags connected with the pervasive cloud which is providing readers with the information storing and querying.
It uses mobile readers to access the public cloud through wireless VPN for accessing the data related to the tags, readers which assure the security, safety and helps to authenticate each tag with the fixed readers.
5.Android-Based Parking-System proposed by Renuka in 2015 (Renuka & Dhanalakshmi, 2015).This paper mentions the use of RFID application. RFID application is used to debit the amount for parking charges through RFID tag.
It uses the Parking Guidance and Information (PGI) system to tell the dynamic information of vacant parking slots and guides the users. These vacant slots are detected by IR sensors.
The parking information is further displayed in the VMS (Variable-message sign) board at major roads or intersections.
The disadvantage of this system being that, the parking slot allotted to the user may not be available by the time user reaches the assigned parking area.

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