Modular Technical Concepts for Ambulatory Monitoring of Risk Patients Based on Multiple Parameters and an Automatic Alarm Function

Modular Technical Concepts for Ambulatory Monitoring of Risk Patients Based on Multiple Parameters and an Automatic Alarm Function

Jörg Piper (Department for Internal Medicine, Angiology, Cardiovascular Medicine, Clinic Meduna, Bad Bertrich, Germany) and Birgit Müller (Clinic Meduna, Bad Bertrich, Germany)
DOI: 10.4018/IJMSTR.2016010101
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Abstract

Technical concepts of a multi-parameter-based system are described which can be used for continuous ambulatory monitoring of several vital signs. When critical or fatal events are detected, an automatic alarm is generated including information about the patient´s position (global positioning system, GPS) and additional messages. A lot of vital parameters are continuously monitored by “bio detectors” which are connected with a mobile data acquisition system carried by the patient. This data acquisition system interacts with a mobile phone so that an alarm can immediately be sounded in cases of critical or fatal events. Other episodes relevant for the patient´s long-term prognosis without leading to life-threatening outcomes can be stored for elective analyses without generating an alarm. Moreover, patients can manually give an alarm on demand. Potential false alarms can be manually canceled. In further stages of development these technical components could interact with electronic control systems of cars so that cars could be immediately stopped if the driver becomes unconscious.
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Target Groups And Operating Places

Ambulatory monitoring systems presented here may be useful for patients identified with a high risk of critical or fatal events, especially when staying alone without being supervised in an adequate manner (single persons in private rooms, patients staying in single rooms situated in a rehabilitation unit or a retirement home, for instance).

Unfortunately, severe accidents can be caused by cars when the drivers fall into a sudden blackout. Therefore, it may be desirable that such monitoring systems could interact with cars. When acute and critical or fatal events are detected in the driver, the car could be immediately stopped and the car´s horn and flashing warning lights could be turned on. Thus, further collateral damages could be avoided.

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