Towards Holistic Traceability Solution: From Systematic Literature Review to Proposed Traceability Model

Towards Holistic Traceability Solution: From Systematic Literature Review to Proposed Traceability Model

Usman Durrani (School of Business IT and Logistics, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia), Zijad Pita (School of Business IT and Logistics, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia), Joan Richardson (School of Business IT and Logistics, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia) and John Lenarcic (School of Business IT and Logistics, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia)
Copyright: © 2014 |Pages: 15
DOI: 10.4018/ijsds.2014010102
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Abstract

The purpose of traceability is to ensure persistent alignment of product knowledge between stakeholders, artifacts, and traceability objects. On the other hand, process knowledge is equally important to ensure a systematic software development process with accurate specification and verifiable quality attributes. Previous studies lacks in presenting a consolidated view from product and process knowledge perspectives. This study has taken a systematic literature review approach to evaluate sixty one previously published papers on traceability in leading journals and conferences. Based on the findings, the authors propose to extend the definition of an existing traceability meta-model to combine both product and process knowledge perspectives. The scope of this paper is to define the extension of the traceability meta-model without violating any of its statements. This study aims to contribute by taking steps towards defining a holistic model of traceability that will provide practical guidelines to IT practitioners in general and to process engineers in particular.
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Research Method

Systematic reviews have been gaining significant amount of attention from information systems and software engineering researchers (Dybå & Dingsøyr, 2008; B. Kitchenham et al., 2009; Pedreira, Piattini, Luaces, & Brisaboa, 2007). The main reason for its adoption is its improvement of quality of the resources covered in the subject of interest in comparison with its less formal counterparts (Magdaleno, Werner, & Araujo, 2012).

According to (Brereton, Kitchenham, Budgen, Turner, & Khalil, 2007; Magdaleno et al., 2012), a systematic literature review is a type of secondary study with its basis in previously published research. The aim of this research methodology is to gather, evaluate, and analyze all the available literature relevant to a particular research question, topic area, or phenomenon of interest (B. A. Kitchenham & Charters, 2007). Systematic literature review follows a strict, well-defined sequence of methodological steps to yield high scientific value and reliable results (Magdaleno et al., 2012).

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