Transitioning from Technical Communication to User Experience (UX): A Case Study of a Collaborative Curriculum Redesign

Transitioning from Technical Communication to User Experience (UX): A Case Study of a Collaborative Curriculum Redesign

Tammy Rice-Bailey (Milwaukee School of Engineering, Milwaukee, WI, United States) and Nadya Shalamova (Milwaukee School of Engineering, Milwaukee, WI, United States)
DOI: 10.4018/IJSKD.2016070101
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Abstract

This article details a collaboration between a Technical Communication (TC) academic program at Milwaukee School of Engineering and its User Experience (UX) industry and community partners. This collaboration resulted in rethinking a TC degree program and establishing a new UX and Communication Design B.S. degree program. This article responds to TC scholarship calling for increased collaboration between academia and industry. The authors further explain how this particular collaboration was guided by Stakeholder Theory, enabling the program to identify its stakeholders and balance their differences while establishing new partnerships with the UX professional community. This article presents a case study of academia/industry collaboration and details both the challenges and successes that emerged during a program redesign. It concludes with models, a tools, and preliminary lessons that can assist other academic programs considering or undergoing similar curriculum or programmatic changes.
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Academy/Industry Partnerships

To appreciate the collaborative process detailed in this case-study, it is helpful to place it within the context of the historical relationship between the academy and the TC industry. Understanding changing perspectives about the nature and challenges of this relationship also helps illustrate how our case provided an ample opportunity to apply Stakeholder Theory.

Relationship Tension

In the discipline of TC, differences have historically existed between the academy and industry. Stanley Dicks (2002) observed that these cultural differences have often led to unflattering stereotypes of each other. St. Amant (2015) described an internal binary that is “related to how technical communicators perceive, conceptualize, and discuss the field, both among themselves and with others” (p. 1). Other scholars have pointed out the tension arising from various aspects of this binary. Among these aspects are a focus on theory (or pedagogy) versus practice (Bosley, 2002; Hayhoe, 1998; Rude, 2009; and others), differing views on information sharing and collaboration (Dicks, 2002), and dissimilar models of decision-making (Dicks, 2002; Mirel, 1998; Odell, 1985; and Winsor, 2003).

Carolyn Rude (2015) noted that in addition to the tendency to think in binaries, other challenges have historically faced the academy/industry relationship. She named one of these challenges as the academy’s emphasis on individual research, which can be off-putting to some practitioners. As Rude explained, the result of many TC programs being housed within English Departments is, “faculty have followed the humanities model of pursuing their own research interests rather than trying to define the needs of the field…” (2015, p. vi). Other challenges Rude cited included diminished opportunities for the two groups to meet in shared forums and the lack of shared vocabularies. For example, the journals in which many academics publish do not often include articles by industry contributors.

Related to and perhaps fueling the tension existing between the academy/industry was the concern by some TC scholars that closer relationships with industry would lead to TC programs becoming merely a training grounds for industry. In fact, Bernhardt (2002) called to keep academy and industry separate in their goals and practices. His suggested partnerships instead consisted of what he called “shared communities of practice” (p. 85) in which there would remain a productive tension resulting from the partnership of “distant, academic, critical posturing and industry skepticism” (p. 89).

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