Multi-Agent Systems for Healthcare Simulation and Modeling: Applications for System Improvement

Multi-Agent Systems for Healthcare Simulation and Modeling: Applications for System Improvement

Raman Paranjape (University of Regina, Canada) and Asha Sadanand (University of Guelph, Canada)
Indexed In: SCOPUS
Release Date: August, 2009|Copyright: © 2010 |Pages: 304
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-772-0
ISBN13: 9781605667720|ISBN10: 1605667722|EISBN13: 9781605667737|ISBN13 Softcover: 9781616924027
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Description & Coverage
Description:

The modeling of healthcare components and systems in order to develop a complete understanding of component interactions is one of the more challenging simulation and modeling problems for software agent systems.

Multi-Agent Systems for Healthcare Simulation and Modeling: Applications for System Improvement provides relevant theoretical frameworks and the latest empirical research findings used by medical professionals in the implementation of multi-agent systems. This Premier Reference Source disseminates understanding on the strategic role of systems modeling in healthcare, a valuable resource to academicians, researchers, and field practitioners.

Coverage:

The many academic areas covered in this publication include, but are not limited to:

  • Agency in healthcare system analysis
  • Agent-based healthcare modeling
  • Collaborative enviroments within mental health
  • Economic efficiency in healthcare
  • Healthcare multi-agent simulation system
  • Healthcare Systems
  • Operating room simulation
  • Physician-patient support system
  • Population modeling system
  • Probabilistic neural network
Indices
Reviews and Testimonials

We are truly fortunate to have such a competent and diverse list of contributing authors for this book. The works presented span the wide breadth of agent application in health care looking at both practical and theoretical issues.

– Raman Paranjape, University of Regina, Canada
Table of Contents
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Editor Biographies
Raman B. Paranjape completed the BSc (1981), MSc (1984), and PhD (1989) degrees at the University of Alberta (Canada). His research interests are in both physical and software agent systems. Research in physical systems has focused on the development of sensor systems and new technologies in image and signal processing for real world application in robotics and automated systems for team formation using both passive and active sonar arrays. Research in software agents is focused on analysis and retrieval of medical data from distributed databases and modeling of agent and human societies. Dr. Paranjape has worked as Research Scientist, Software Engineer, Project Leader, and Project Manager in Canadian Industry. He joined the University of Regina in 1997, and is currently the Professor of Electronic Systems Engineering and Director of the Centre for Sustainable Communities.
Asha B. Sadanand completed a BSc Honors in Mathematics at the University of Alberta (Canada). She then completed an MA in Economics at the University of Alberta (Canada). She went on to do a PhD in Microeconomics at the California Institute of Technology (USA). While she was at the California Institute of Technology she worked on designing market mechanisms for resource allocation and property rights. She is currently a professor of Economics at the University of Guelph. She specializes in microeconomic theory, information economics and game theory. In addition she has interested in industrial organization, experimental economics and law and economics.
Editorial Review Board
Editorial Advisory Board
  • Giancarlo Succi, Free University of Bolzano-Bozen, Italy
  • Robert Martens, SaskTel Inc, Canada
  • Yan Yang, NetSecure Technologies Ltd., Canada
  • Craig Gelowitz, TRLabs Inc., Canada
  • Stephen O’Leary, University of British Columbia, Canada
  • Mehran Mehrandezh, University of Regina, Canada

    List of Reviewers

  • Asha Sadanand, University of Guelph, Canada
  • Maja Hadzic, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia
  • Darshan Dillon, Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia
  • Georgiy Bobashev, RTI International, USA
  • Andrei Borshchev, XJ Technologies, Russian Federeation
  • David Isern, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain
  • Antonio Moreno, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain
  • Luigi Benedicenti, University of Regina, Canada
  • Vijay Kumar Mago, DAV College, Jalandhar, Punjab, India
  • Kin Lik Wang, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, USA
  • Nancy E. Reed, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, USA
  • Dale S. Vincent, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, USA
  • Qingjin Peng, University of Manitoba, Canada
  • V. Sadanand, Royal University Hospital, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
  • Dean Yergens, University of Manitoba, Canada
  • Xiaoqin (Shelley) Zhang, University of Massachusetts at Dartmouth, USA
  • Simerjit Gill, University of Regina, TRLabs, Canada
  • Raman Paranjape, University of Regina, TRLabs, Canada
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    Preface

    The challenges of improving health care systems through the use of information technology are many. However, the potential rewards of helping society and human condition are also great. Agent systems can have a real and significant impact in health care because health care systems are innately complex and a paradigm which is sufficiently sophisticated is needed when simulating these systems. The autonomy of agents, in a multi-agent system, naturally and logically maps into actors, components, and systems within health care. However, while the potential is great, the actual impact of agent simulation is currently still limited to primarily research focused endeavors. With this book we begin the process of moving the research closer to the practice. We do this because of the steady advances in agent simulations and the perspective that health care is moving more and more towards embracing technology and is part of the solution for effective and efficient services.

    In this book, we present work from researchers around the world who describe their advances in agent-based systems in order to model and simulate components of the health care system. In order to put the collected works of these agent researchers in some type of context, we invited a physician to tell about the needs and challenges of health care environment. We also asked an economist to discuss the issues around resources and the mechanisms to value and rank factors within the health care system. Lastly, to enhance the understanding of the progress to date, a summary of a number of important research papers in the area of agents in health care is included.

    We are truly fortunate to have such a competent and diverse list of contributing authors for this book. The works presented span the wide breadth of agent application in health care looking at both practical and theoretical issues. The contributions are sure to catch the interest of both researchers in the field of agent systems and also the practitioners of health care in terms of both active physicians and those involved in the administration of health care systems.

    This book is organized into four sections. The first section is titled “An Overview of Health Care Systems Issues” and includes a chapter by an active neuro-surgeon who is familiar with many aspects of health care delivery in Canada, the United States and the United Kingdom. This is followed by a chapter on the economics of resource allocation within health care. The final chapter in this section is a review of eight recent papers in agent-based systems in health care.

    The second section is titled “Health Care Modeling Systems” and includes a chapter on the development of a large multi-faceted health care model and its various components. This is followed by a chapter on an agent modeling system of an operating theatre. We follow with a more theoretical chapter of how to do modeling in health care using role-based systems.

    The third section is titled “Physician/Patient Support Systems” and this section begins with a chapter on a multi-agent system that automates clinical guidelines. This is followed by a chapter that focuses on modeling wellness for both the patient as well as the physician. The next two chapters discuss agent systems to help pick specialists and to help medical personnel learn about the function of organs using an agent simulation.

    The last section of the book is titled “Population Modeling Systems” and begins with a chapter focused on modeling mental health and the retrieval of appropriate information to manage and control this illness. The next chapter in this section looks at the use of agent systems to help understand the issues around health care service and delivery in developing countries, and the final chapter is focused on modeling social behaviors in populations using agents for illnesses such as HIV.

    Chapters for this book were solicited by a public call on a number of web sites, list-servers and through direct email to active researchers. Authors were asked to submit a chapter proposal and the proposals were reviewed by the editors. We received 15 proposals and requested chapters from 14 researchers. The completed chapters were first reviewed by the editors and then double blind reviewed by other contributors. Of the 14 submitted chapters one was rejected and one was withdrawn by the authors. Thus 12 chapters were accepted for the final manuscript and enhanced by the authors based on the reviewers’ comments. Ultimately, in consultation with the publisher, an additional review chapter was added in order to enhance the coverage of the subject matter. Thus, the final manuscript contains 12 chapters of original, new research contributions and one review chapter of recent research results.