A New Framework for Politics, Law, and Government in the Digital Era: A Judge-Based Political System

A New Framework for Politics, Law, and Government in the Digital Era: A Judge-Based Political System

Keshav Sinha, Roma Kumari, Rakesh Kumar Chandan, Partha Paul, Naghma Khatoon, Runmi Kundu
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-9187-1.ch026
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In the 21st century, the digital world has taken over law and politics. Political war is on online platforms, and various decisions are made based on the digital data. Another problem is to provide security of online data. Most of the world is unsatisfied with the government and policymakers. A lack of satisfaction among the people leads towards civil war or it can cause the fall of an entire selected government, or it can collapse the law systems of the world. To cope with this problem, the authors propose the judge-based political system (JBPS). The new political system can deal with the advancement of technology and cybersecurity. Judge-based politics will help to control this type of threat and provide satisfaction in the upcoming era of democracy.
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From the start of civilization, there were always great powers that ruled this world and that chunk of great powers called the government (N. Bracher, 1994). The work of this group of people is to rule territory and regions according to their administrative law. The territory and regions may be classified into country, state, or province. The in-depth classification of government may be various from Democratic, Parliamentary, Presidential, Federal, or Unitary (T. Herrschel & P. Newman, 2003). The work of governments is to make the laws, collect taxes, and print money. The tax system has existed in every civilization (H. Ishi, 2001). According to R.H Carlson (2005), the earliest known tax records were dated from approximately six thousand years B.C. in the ancient city-state of Lagash in modern-day Iraq. The classification of government is distinguished into five categories (i) Democracy, (ii) Monarchy, (iii) Aristocracy, (iv) Dictatorship, and (v) Oligarchy. Here, we discussed some of the basic definitions of government which is presented in Figure 1.

Figure 1.

Classification of Government

  • 1.

    Democracy: It is the most common type of government in the Western world. It is an interactive form of government and it must rest on a foundation of trust. If the country follows the democratic procedure then the people of the country have the right to vote during elections, they can elect the representatives who will sit in legislatures such as the Parliament (McCoy, 2020). They have some organizations which have similar ideas about how a country or region should be governed. Many countries follow the democratic system which limits the freedom of choice by the voters. One of the most common ways is to limit which parties can use the parliament, or limit access to mass media. In the 21st century, most powerful countries follow the democratic system (Kurki, 2010).

  • 2.

    Monarchy: In this, the government is ruled by the king or queen, and the position is inherited from their ancestors, they are often called the “royal family”. There has been two different types’ monarchies present: (i) absolute monarchies, and (ii) constitutional monarchies. In an absolute monarchy, the ruler has no limits on their wishes or powers. In a constitutional monarchy, a ruler's powers are limited by a document called a constitution. In modern times monarchies still exist in Great Britain, Netherlands, Spain, Japan, France, Saudi Arabia, and Thailand, along with several other countries (Engels, 2001).

  • 3.

    Aristocracy: In this, the group of wealthy families will run the government. It is very specific and only a set of peoples and families, or a set of people coming from a particular place will rule the personnel. It is very different then nobility culture where only one or few bloodlines would rule the territories (Asker, 1990).

  • 4.

    Dictatorship: In this, all the power is given to the single person to rule the country. The dictatorship is not stopped by any laws, constitutions, or other social and political institutions (Hadžialić, 2017).

  • 5.

    Oligarchy: In this, a small group of powerful people creates the government. These peoples spread their power equally (Jeffrey, 2013). It is very different from a true democracy because very few people have been given the chance to change things. Here are, some of the past examples such as the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Apartheid South Africa.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Election: It is a formal group decision-making process by which the personnel can choose their representative.

Government: A government is the system or group of people that govern an organized community, state, or nation.

Legislature: It is an important part of the government that is used to create the laws by the political entity which will help to run the country, city, or community smoothly.

Democracy: The most common form in which the people have the authority to choose their governing legislators.

Judge: It is a constitutional person that controls the court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges.

Constitution: It is a fundamental principle that establishes the legal basis for the organization and citizens.

Digital Data: The information generated by any digital device is called digital data.

Data Security: Data security means protecting digital data from the adversary.

Parliament: The modern parliament represents the electorate, creates laws, and oversees the government via hearings and inquiries.

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