Access to Higher Education for People with Disabilities: A Chinese Perspective

Access to Higher Education for People with Disabilities: A Chinese Perspective

Luanjiao Hu (University of Maryland at College Park, USA) and Jing Lin (University of Maryland at College Park, USA)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 18
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2560-8.ch005

Abstract

This chapter focuses on a series of related questions centered on access issue for people with disabilities in Chinese higher education: what is the representation for people with disabilities in Chinese higher education? What factors contribute to the impediment of access for higher education for people with disabilities? What educational legislation exist that provide educational guidelines for people with disabilities? What cultural traditions underlie the lack of educational attainment for people with disabilities in China?
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Definition And Background

To start with, let us look at the definitions for disability. In Oxford Dictionary, “disability” is defined as “a physical or mental condition that limits a person’s movements, senses, or activities” or “a disadvantage or handicap, especially one imposed or recognized by the law”. In the Chinese Law on the Protection of Disabled Persons (LPDP, 1990), people with disabilities are referred to as “Can Ji Ren”, meaning “people who suffer from abnormalities of loss of a certain organ or function, psychologically or physiologically, or in anatomical structure and has lost wholly or in part the ability to perform an activity in the way considered normal.” “Can Ji Ren” as the Chinese definition of people with disabilities refers to those with visual, hearing, speech or physical disabilities, intellectual disabilities, psychiatric disabilities, multiple disabilities and/or other disabilities.

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