Cloud Computing: An Agent of Promoting Interdisciplinary Sciences, Especially Information Science and I-Schools – Emerging Techno-Educational Scenario

Cloud Computing: An Agent of Promoting Interdisciplinary Sciences, Especially Information Science and I-Schools – Emerging Techno-Educational Scenario

Prantosh Kr. Paul (Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST), India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9924-3.ch016
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Abstract

Cloud is, in today's age, one of the important and valuable names not only in computing but also in all most all the fields of science, technology and engineering and even in several branches of humanities and social science—the reason behind this is its ultimate benefit of virtualization and elasticity of IT products. This is actually a type of virtualization; here computing is geared up with the wonderful virtual platform which provides a remote accessibility of hardware, software, IT resources, as well as application packages. Interestingly, ‘Cloud' also supports the green agenda of the organization and society. There are so many subjects and domains gaining or injecting the cloud benefit to their services. The information field and domain is more close to the computing and information technology, but it has another core agenda of information activities, which include collection, selection, organization, processing, management, and dissemination of information; here, cloud plays a potential and healthy role.
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Background

Cloud - a name of business, entertainment, education, family, politics, social development in modern age. During the first generation of computing and onwards, computing was very slow and elasticity of the computing was not so much heavy. Right from big mainframe computers to personal computers, single user to client server architecture has been emerged recently. Today, client service or several computing made a revolution of computing and, in the IT world, where several IT application sharing is possible to the client by the servers.

The distributed computing changed the entire IT and computing solution and services. Soon after this, the cloud computing concept emerged with several facilities and features on the anytime and anywhere basis. Fortunately, price was also a matter during the initial stages of introducing cloud computing in most of the organizations or institutions. Virtually, this is more transparent to users and applications, and able to build in multiple ways. The degree of computing utilization also mobilized by cloud computing services where one provider provides all types of data storage, hardware, software to its client through strong Internet connection.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Hybrid Cloud: Hybrid Cloud computing platform is actually a mixing of both Public Cloud and Private Cloud Computing. Or in other sense it is a public private cloud computing model.

Information Science: Information Science [IS] is though an important Applied Science domain but closely connected with so many domain and discipline such as Humanities, Social Science, Engineering, Technological Studies, and Management and so on.

IST: Information Science and Technology or IST is an extension of the domain of ‘Information Science’; which is much wider with computing and Technology Management principles and tools for the information activities and applied informatics engineering.

Private Cloud: Private Cloud Computing platform basically run by the onsite servers and most of the cases, deployment is provided on premise on located inside the organization.

Public Cloud: When Cloud computing service basically provided to the user from general public internet service [i.e. Third Party internet] it is called Public Cloud Computing.

I-Schools: Hence, Information fields are the domains which are directly as well as indirectly related to information activities which include collection, selection, organization, processing, management & dissemination of information.

Cloud Computing: Cloud computing is a kind of service science that is based on service oriented architecture which helps in virtualization of IT resources including hardware, software, IT applications and packages with the help of a dedicated platform.

Interdisciplinary: Relationship between or among the domains generally treated as Interdisciplinary Science. Moreover, the domain or subject which are much close or available with other domain.

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