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What is Cloud Computing

Handbook of Research on ICTs and Management Systems for Improving Efficiency in Healthcare and Social Care
Is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to shared computing resources (such as servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. It is this concept that is generalized in Cloud Rehabilitation.
Published in Chapter:
New Telerehabilitation Services for the Elderly
António Teixeira (University of Aveiro, Portugal), Carlos Pereira (University of Aveiro, Portugal), Miguel Oliveira e Silva (University of Aveiro, Portugal), Joaquim Alvarelhão (University of Aveiro, Portugal), Anabela G. Silva (University of Aveiro, Portugal), Margarida Cerqueira (University of Aveiro, Portugal), Ana Isabel Martins (University of Aveiro, Portugal), Osvaldo Pacheco (University of Aveiro, Portugal), Nuno Almeida (University of Aveiro, Portugal), Catarina Oliveira (University of Aveiro, Portugal), Rui Costa (GOVCOPP, University of Aveiro, Portugal), António Neves (University of Aveiro, Portugal), Alexandra Queirós (University of Aveiro, Portugal), and Nelson Rocha (University of Aveiro, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-3990-4.ch006
Abstract
The world’s population is getting older with the percentage of people over 60 increasing more rapidly than any other age group. Telerehabilitation may help minimise the pressure this puts on the traditional healthcare system, but recent studies showed ease of use, usability, and accessibility as unsolved problems, especially for older people who may have little experience or confidence in using technology. Current migration towards multimodal interaction has benefits for seniors, allowing hearing and vision problems to be addressed by exploring redundancy and complementarity of modalities. This chapter presents and contextualizes work in progress in a new telerehabilitation service targeting the combined needs of the elderly to have professionally monitored exercises without leaving their homes with their need regarding interaction, directly related to age-related effects on, for example, vision, hearing, and cognitive capabilities. After a brief general overview of the service, additional information on its two supporting applications are presented, including information on user interfaces. First results from a preliminary evaluation are also included.
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Home Healthcare in Cloud Computing
Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.
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Home Healthcare in Cloud Computing
Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.
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New Telerehabilitation Services for the Elderly
Is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to shared computing resources (such as servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. It is this concept that is generalized in Cloud Rehabilitation.
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Secure Architecture for Cloud Environment
A computing term or metaphor that evolved in the late 2000s, based on utility and consumption of computer resources.
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Electronic Government
Is an information technology model of providing ubiquitous and convenient access using the Internet to a common set of configurable computing resources (cloud), storage devices, applications and services that can be quickly provided and released from the load with minimal operating costs or virtually no participation of the provider.
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Intelligent Wearable Healthcare Monitoring Framework: Trends in Sensor-Deep Learning Approaches
Cloud computing offers internet access to pooled computer resources like servers, storage, databases, and software applications, enabling on-demand use without physical infrastructure costs. This flexible, scalable solution supports various computing applications.
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Monitoring and Detecting Plant Diseases Using Cloud-Based Internet of Things
Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage and computing power, without direct active management by the user. The term is generally used to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet.
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Digital Transformation and Circular Economy for Sustainability
The delivery of computing services over the Internet (“the cloud”) to offer faster innovation, flexible resources, and economies of scale.
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Security Issues of Cloud Computing and an Encryption Approach
Processing of data in a virtual environment within a complex and remote computer system.
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Industry 4.0 and Its Effects on the Insurance Sector
For computers and other devices, which can be used at any time and enabling shared computing resources between users, is the general name of internet-based information services.
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Research Trends in Information Systems From the Management Discipline Based on Co-Occurrence Analysis
Is the practice of accessing and using remote servers hosted on the Internet to organise, manage, analyse, and deliver data. It removes the need to maintain expensive computing hardware, dedicated space, and software.
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Emerging Tools and Technologies in Data Science
These kinds of terminologies / nomenclatures in the field of computer science, or data science are very interesting because of their association with some easily understandable regularly used very common and familiar words. Natural cloud being free to all irrespective of nationality, color, ethnicity etc., and making the computing or data science resources available to many users at the same time at no cost, or at a minimum cost as the total cost being distributed among all the users seems to be pretty similar to natural cloud, and hence the whole process of collective or shared usage of common computing resources has been named cloud computing very logically and befittingly.
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IoT Big Data Architectures, Approaches, and Challenges: A Fog-Cloud Approach
Paradigm that offers resources hosted on the Internet for complex and large-scale computing. Those online resources are provided on-demand and have a secure and easy access.
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Extending and Applying Web 2.0 and Beyond for Environmental Intelligence
It is a style of computing, in which dynamically scalable and virtualized resources are provided as a service over an internet.
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Developing a Web-Based COVID-19 Fake News Detector With Deep Learning
An on-demand access that can compute resources of various services through the internet.
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Information Science in the Analytics of Healthcare Data
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What Would Cloud Computing Learn from Quantum Mechanics
A model of computation by which IT resources are randomly dispersed in the network, being offered as services.
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Public Debt, Cloud Computing Technology, and Leadership Crisis in the 21st Century: The Role of ICT in Nigeria's Finance Sector
This is the term largely used to designate the practice of using networks of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage, and process data, rather than a local server or a personal computer.
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IT Strategy Follows Digitalization
Cloud computing is a general term for the delivery of hosted services over the Internet. Cloud computing enables companies to consume compute resources as a utility -- just like electricity -- rather than having to build and maintain computing infrastructures in-house.
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Rough Set Based Green Cloud Computing in Emerging Markets
A computing paradigm which represents a transition from computing-as-a product to computing-as-a-service.
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BIG Data: An Enabler in Developing Business Models in Cloud Computing Environments
A computing model that makes information technology resources such as servers, middleware, and applications available over the internet as services to business organizations in a self-service manner.
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Network, Sustainability, and Security of Libraries on Smartphones
The storage of electronic resources on remote servers away from home servers.
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Cloud Computing-Based Personal Information Management: Perspectives of Online Faculty
is a model used in creating an enabling environment through pooling together electronic resources such as computers, printers and applications for use by individuals and organisations
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Facilitating Active Learning among Adult Learners
Use of application and data maintained centrally on the Internet but accessible from anywhere through Internet connectivity.
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From Ground to Cloud: The School on the Cloud
Cloud Computing is a major technological breakthrough of ICT with a huge potential for education. Cloud Computing by providing high specification, state-of-the-art, powerful software and massive computing resources where and when needed, allows learners to interact productively with their teachers and with each other in both formal and informal education situations, and to become creators and developers of knowledge.
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Cloud Learning Management System in Higher Education
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Designing a Cloud-Based Assessment Model: A New Zealand Polytechnic Case Study
Offsite web servers that provide a collaborative online learning environment.
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The Toolbox: Objects and Tools for Doing Mathematics
Technology that allows both to process and store data through the use of distributed and virtualized network resources.
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Blockchain in the Insurance Industry: Use Cases and Applications
For computers and other devices, which can be used at any time and enabling shared computing resources between users, is the general name of internet-based information services.
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Cloud Security Risks, Threats, and Solutions for Business Logistics
Cloud computing is a technology paradigm that involves delivering various computing services, including servers, storage, databases, networking, software, and analytics, over the internet to offer faster innovation, flexible resources, and economies of scale. Users can access and utilize these services on a pay-as-you-go basis, typically through web browsers or specialized applications, without the need to invest in and manage their own physical infrastructure.
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Perspectives of Blockchain in Cybersecurity: Applications and Future Developments
A method of distributed computing in which a network of remote servers are used to remotely provision, manage, store, and process rather than using local systems.
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Revealing Concepts of a Cloud Deployment Model: A Semantic Exploration of a New Generation of the Cloud
The delivery of hardware, software, applications, services, and storage over the internet. It involves the utilization of virtualization, service-oriented architecture (SOA), and parallel computing by companies like Google, Amazon, and Microsoft.
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Sustainable Quality Education During the Pandemic and Beyond: Challenges and Solutions for Higher Education Institutions
Cloud computing refers to distributed online computer systems that are offered as various services (from data storage to web servers) to corporate and individual users.
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Novel Library Innovations and Advancements After the COVID-19 Pandemic Era
Cloud computing refers to the delivery of on-demand computing resources, such as servers, storage, applications, and services, over the Internet. Instead of hosting and maintaining their own infrastructure, organizations can rely on cloud providers to access and use these resources as needed. Cloud computing enables cost savings, scalability, flexibility, and improved collaboration, but also introduces new security and privacy challenges.
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Federal Government Application of the Cloud Computing Application Integration Model
Distributed computing characterized by on-demand service, broad network access, resource pooling, rapid elasticity, and measured service.
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Digital Transformation of the Retail Point of Sale in the Artificial Intelligence Era
A technology that allows access to resources, programs, and information through the Internet.
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Schedulers Based on Ant Colony Optimization for Parameter Sweep Experiments in Distributed Environments
A Cloud is a type of parallel and distributed system consisting of a collection of inter-connected and virtualized computers that are dynamically provisioned and presented as one or more unified computing resource(s) based on service-level agreements established through negotiation between the service provider and consumers. Cloud Computing is the delivery of computing as a service rather than a product, whereby shared resources, software, and information are provided to computers and other devices as a utility over a network (typically the Internet).
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Using the NIST Framework and COBIT 2019 in Offering Cybersecurity Consulting and Assurance Services
Data centers that offer data storage and computing power to various organizations; relieving the user organizations of the need to invest resources to establish, maintain, and manage the data centers.
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Fog Computing in Industrial Internet of Things
A computing environment that promises services like storage, databases, software over Internet for improved performance.
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Cloud Computing and Academic Libraries in Nigeria
A style of computing in which enormously accessible and flexible IT-enabled skills are delivered as services to external customers using internet technologies as a platform.
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Scientific Data Management and Visualization: A Service-Driven Integration Approach
A paradigm for delivering IT services as computing utilities, using Internet to enable interaction between information technology service providers and consumers.
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Improving the Effectiveness of Research Supervision in STEM Education: Cloud-Based Multimedia Solutions
Computing services that are offered in sites that are remote from the user and multi-device accessible.
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Cultural Differences in Managing Cloud Computing Service Level Agreements
Cloud Computing is a term which is rooted in the area of computing architectures. It describes a concept which is closely linked to the grid-computing technology, however in contrast to grid-computing which is used in a more technical context, cloud computing describes an architectural concept where computational services in form of applications, platforms, data and infrastructures are no longer situated on local systems but can be accessed on demand in a far-away cloud of interconnected computers and servers. To access this remote system, which connects supplier and consumer, as well as entities of different clouds run by different providers, defined interfaces or standard applications such as a web browser are used with the internet functioning as the access base (Hayes, 2008). In cloud computing three possible forms of the cloud can be distinguished, depending on what form of service is offered. The first one is Software as a Service (SaaS). As the name implies, SaaS-providers focus on offering software to their customers, who neither know about the underlying infrastructure, nor do they gain control over it. The second form is named Platform as a Service (PaaS), a further development of the SaaS-model, where PaaS-providers offer computing platforms or portals. The idea behind PaaS is that developers don’t write their own home page etc. running on someone else’s servers. Instead, they programme web-based software applications, which they can then operate without having to buy, set up and maintain servers. These, on the one hand, streamline the access to software and, on the other hand, facilitate combinations of services, so called mash-ups. In addition, PaaS’ platforms and portals drastically affect software service sales through their network effects. As a counterpart to SaaS on the software side, the third form of the cloud is Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). IaaS-providers sell storage or processing capacities to their customers, which are placed at the disposal of the higher layers SaaS and PaaS. A well-known example of IaaS is Amazon’s Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), where customers can buy instances, paying on an hourly basis.
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Big Data Analysis Techniques for Visualization of Genomics in Medicinal Plants
Cloud Computing is a kind of Internet based computing that provides shared processing resources and data to Computers and other devices on demand ( Wikipedia, 2016a ).
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Admission Control in the Cloud: Algorithms for SLA-Based Service Model
A computing paradigm that provides on-demand, dynamic, and elastic provisioning of computational resources.
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Enterprise Cloud Adoption: A Quantitative Exploratory Research
Most researchers define Cloud computing as an innovative way of enhancing IT’s capacity to provide pay-as-you-go billing, on-demand computing, IT utility and automated delivery service. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, 2012 AU136: The in-text citation "NIST, 2012" is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. ) sees Cloud computing as a business model of enabling ease of on-demand access to a pool of shared services (e.g., data center, networks, servers, storage, virtualized application services) that can be provisioned dynamically with minimal support.
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Cloud Services Publication and Discovery
An information technology model in which computing resources and applications are provided on demand over the Internet.
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Should the Cloud Computing Definition Include a Big Data Perspective?
The term Cloud Computing is divided into two words; the word computing refers to any activity that involves computer processing or storage, a computer manipulates and stores data, which commonly reside on the hard drive of a computer, or in other hardware such as NAS (network-attached storage), commodity hardware (affordable and readily available hardware), the mainframe, etc. The hard drive can store anything, including structured data, unstructured data, software, databases, etc. In Cloud Computing terminology, these capabilities are designed as services, and these services are offered services in a cloud , anywhere on earth. In other words, its location does not matter. This term also refers to networked computers, among which processing power is distributed. Distribution is a key element in Cloud Computing to enable processing large set data’s.
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Unleashing the Convergence of Cloud Computing With Internet of Things: Drivers for Integration
Is the delivery of on-demand computing services: from applications to storage and processing power – typically over the internet and on a pay-as-you-go basis.
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Big-Data-Based Architectures and Techniques: Big Data Reference Architecture
Cloud computing is an ICT sourcing and delivery model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.
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Security of Cloud Computing
A model for enabling convenient, on-demand net-work access, to a shared pool of resources that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal service provider interaction.
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Large-Scale LP in Business Analytics
Cloud computing generally refers to the use of computing resources (including hardware and software) that are delivered as services (such as servers, storage, and applications) over the Internet to an organization’s computers and devices.
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Enhancing Airport Business Services Using Big Data Analytics
A computing paradigm based on the demand for resources and services in the cloud. It is a special distributed computing that introduces utilization models for remotely provisioning scalable and measured resources.
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Architecture for Big Data Storage in Different Cloud Deployment Models
Cloud Computing is used to connect the computing resources, hardware and access IT managed services with a previously unknown level of ease.
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Cloud Computing Applications in Social Work and Education
It is defined as a large group of computers connected to each other. They can either be personal computers or network servers. Through this formulation, a very wide range of authorized end-users can access applications and information stored in the clouds from anywhere at any time utilizing any smart device over the internet.
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The Emergence of Cloud Portfolio in Higher Education
The practice of using a network of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage, and process data, rather than a local server or a personal computer.
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Neo-Orientalist Approaches in XR (Extended Reality) Applications
Is the delivery of computing services—including servers, storage, databases, networking, software, analytics, and intelligence—over the Internet or “the cloud.”
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Free and Open Source Cloud Computing Technology
It is the technology that provides an online IT infrastructure based on service subscribers' needs.
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How Innovative Technologies Are Improving the Delivery of E-Assessment in Higher Education
Consists in the provision of computing services (e.g., storages, databases, software) on the internet as opposite to their delivery on local storage devices.
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Software Piracy
A new supplement, consumption, and delivery model for IT services based on Internet protocols, and it typically involves provisioning of dynamically scalable and often virtualized resources.
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Recent Trends in Cloud Computing Security Issues and Their Mitigation
Technique to offer elastic access to dynamically provision IT resources on a pay-on-use basis to service users.
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School on the Cloud: Paradigm Shifts and Educational Changes
Cloud Computing is a major technological breakthrough of ICT with a huge potential for education. Cloud Computing, by providing high specification, state-of-the-art, powerful software and massive computing resources where and when needed, allows learners to interact productively with their teachers and with each other in both formal and informal education situations, and to become creators and developers of knowledge.
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New Personal Learning Ecosystems: A Decade of Research in Review
Makes computer system resources, storage and computer power in particular, available on demand without direct active management by the user. The cloud makes data centers available to many users over the internet.
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Optimizing Cloud Computing Costs of Services for Consumers
Cloud computing is the delivery of on-demand computing services over the internet on a pay-for-use basis, with minimal consumer setup efforts.
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5G Networks: A Holistic View of Enabling Technologies and Research Challenges
A model that enables a set of computing resources to be dynamically provisioned on demand over the internet.
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Strategic Planning for Cloud Computing Adoption in STEM Education: Finding Best Practice Solutions
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The Internet of Things
Cloud computing describes a new supplement, consumption, and delivery model for IT services based on Internet protocols, and it typically involves provisioning of dynamically scalable and often virtualized resources.
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Security and Privacy Issues in the Internet of Things
Cloud computing is the process where various computing facilties such as servers, databases, analytics, networking, etc. are provided over the internet (“the cloud”) to provide resources that are flexible, faster innovation etc.
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Context-Aware Cloud Computing for Personal Learning Environment
Cloud computing is a model for enabling on-demand network access to a shared pool of computing resources that can be managed with minimal efforts.
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Cloud-Based Image Fusion Using Guided Filtering
Is a flourishing technology nowadays because of its scalability, flexibility, availability of resources and other features.
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Development Trends of Digital Infrastructure
The use of data centers via the Internet by computer users for computer processes and data storage.
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Expansion of Technology Utilization Through Tourism 4.0 in Slovenia
Cloud computing refers to the practice of using a network of remote servers, hosted on the Internet to manage, store and process data instead of using a local server or a personal computer.
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Internet of Things (IoT)
Cloud computing is actually distributed computing over a network, and provides the ability to run a program or application on many connected computers at the same time.
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Predicting Student Intention to Use Cloud Services for Educational Purposes Based on Perceived Security and Privacy
A computing model that allows the user to process, store, share and configure resources via a computer network.
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From Mainframe to Cloud
Is Internet based computing whereby shared resources, information and information are provided to other devices with Internet connection on demand.
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How Supply Chain Management Will Change in the Industry 4.0 Era?
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Intrusion Detection and Prevention Techniques in FL Cloud-Based Healthcare 5.0: A Comprehensive Review
Cloud computing is a technology paradigm that enables on-demand access to a shared pool of computing resources, such as servers, storage, and applications, over the internet, offering flexibility and scalability for users and organizations.
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Understanding the Context of Green ICT
Cloud computing is model in which the data storage and computation is done outside on some off-site server rather than on the user’s own device or personal computer.
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Reliability, Fault Tolerance, and Quality-of-Service in Cloud Computing: Analysing Characteristics
A model for delivering IT services in which resources are retrieved from the internet through web-based tools and applications rather than a direct connection to a server.
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Security Issues in Cloud Computing
Cloud computing is an Internet-based computing solution which provides the resources in an effective manner. In the cloud, many computers are configured to work together where the resources are allocated on demand. Cloud computing allows the customers to access resources through the internet from anywhere at any time without thinking about the management and maintenance issues of the resources. Resources of cloud computing can be provided dynamically.
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Opportunities and Challenges of Big Data in Healthcare
High performance computing service which does not require location setting, but instead use a grid of computers over the internet.
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Cloud Computing in Tourism
A model for enabling, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.
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Architecture, Design and Development of a Green ICT System
Is a concept in which dynamically scalable and virtualized resources are provided as a service over the internet which is also known as the cloud.
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Understanding Business Models on the Cloud
A new technological paradigm in IT that is based on computing services as utility and provides them on a pay-as-you-go basis to public and private sector businesses.
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Using Big Data in Healthcare
Internet-based computing, in which large groups of remote servers are networked to allow sharing of data-processing tasks, centralized data storage, and online access to computer services or resources.
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Future Networked Healthcare Systems: A Review and Case Study
Cloud computing is an approach to provide computing as a utility making it easy to acquire, manage, and release ICT infrastructure. A formal definition is given by NIST and is included in this chapter. Cloud Computing is set to affect the future network traffic and hence the network architectures.
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Relating Industry 4.0 and the SME Internationalization Process: A Case Study
Cloud computing is associated with ICT infrastructure that enables ubiquitous access to data from different devices, i.e., it is a computer system in which data is stored on specialised servers and information, services and programmes are accessed remotely via the internet. The cloud can be discussed as a service and support for collaborative design, distributed manufacturing, contribution to innovation, data mining, semantic web technology and virtualisation.
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Challenges to Records and Information Management in the Fourth Industrial Revolution
The delivery of on-demand computing services and applications (i.e., word processing, document sharing, and storage) to users. Data are stored on servers provided and maintained by service providers.
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Cloud Computing Solutions for Smart Factories Scalability and Collaboration
Cloud computing is a technology paradigm that enables on-demand access to a shared pool of computing resources, such as servers, storage, and applications, over the internet, offering flexibility and scalability for users and organizations.
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Critical Infrastructure Protection in Developing Countries
It is one type of internet-based computing system which provides shared computer processing resources and data to computers and other devices on demand. It is a model for enabling ubiquitous, on-demand access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., computer networks, servers, storage, applications and services),which can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort.
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The Empirical Analysis of Cloud Computing Services among the Hungarian Enterprises
It is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction. This cloud model is composed of five essential characteristics, three service models, and four deployment models.
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Africa in the Face of the AI Wave and the Fourth Industrial Revolution: Leapfrog Opportunities, Developmental Backlogs, and Impediments
This refers to on-demand availability of computer systems resources, especially data storage and computing power without direct management of the user. In simple terms cloud computing allows one rent instead of buy one’s IT. Rather than investing heavily in databases, software, and hardware, companies opt to access their compute power through the internet and pay for it as they use it.
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A Telecommunications Approach in Systems for Effective Logistics and Supply Chains
Platform that receive data from ubiquitous sensors and act as a computer to analyze and interpret these data.
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The Challenge of Adequately Defining Technical Risk
A fundamental principle of public cloud computing is the division of security responsibility between the CSP infrastructure-led perspectives and that of the customers depending on the model used. Cloud computing models comprise Infrastructure-as-a-Service, Platform-as-a-Service and Software-as-a-Service in which the customer has more responsibility for the former than for the latter.
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Grids, Clouds, and Massive Simulations
Is on-demand general-purpose dynamic computing service distribution system. This definition generalizes Cloud computing previously defined as being service-based computing, scalable and elastic, shared, metered by use, and delivered using internet technologies.
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Blockchain Technology in the Automotive Industry: Use Cases and Statistical Evaluation
This refers to a distributed environment that houses networks, servers, storage spaces, software applications and virtualized hardware, which can be remotely accessed, utilized and released with minimum management effort, Environment acts as customizable common pool of data processing resources and used for providing on-demand network access.
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Methods and Techniques of Data Mining
Generally refers to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet that provide data storage and computing power. It’s sometimes used to process DNNs.
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Big Data Analytics and IoT in Smart City Applications
Cloud computing is the on-demand ease of use of computer system resources, particularly data storage and computing influence, without direct active organization by the user. The expression is generally used to explain data centers obtainable to many users over the Internet.
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A Strategy Towards Cost-Effective Content Delivery in the Higher Learning Institutions of Tanzania: Mobile Learning
Is an information technology service that uses internet to access central remote servers for maintaining data and applications. Through the help of internet, the technology allows the clients to use application without installation.
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Effective Integration of Technology and Human Capital Development in Healthcare
Provides users the ability to save or retrieve data information for the use of storage and continue ongoing work process without an active hardline management or data retrieval system.
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Cloud Computing, Smart Technology, and Library Automation
The collection of computing software and services that can be accessed via the Internet rather than residing on a desktop or internal server.
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Improved Checkpoint Using the Effective Management of I/O in a Cloud Environment
Refers to applications and services offered over the Internet. These services are offered from data centers all over the world, which collectively are referred to as the “cloud”.
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Clouds of Quantum Machines
A model of computation by which IT resources are randomly dispersed in the network, being offered as services.
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Big Data and Web Intelligence for Condition Monitoring: A Case Study on Wind Turbines
A set of internet-based computing services, resources, technologies and infrastructures that are remotely available for end-users.
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Business Intelligence-Driven Supply Chain Optimization in Emerging Markets: Pathways for African Businesses
Cloud computing is a technology that makes available computing services over the internet.
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Cloud Security: Implementing Biometrics to Help Secure the Cloud
An infrastructure that uses a network of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage, and process data rather than store it on a local server or personal computer.
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Ranking of Cloud Services Using Opinion Mining and Multi-Attribute Decision Making: Ranking of Cloud Services Using Opinion Mining and MADM
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The New “ABC” of ICTs (Analytics + Big Data + Cloud Computing): A Complex Trade-Off between IT and CT Costs
Is computing in which large groups of remote servers are networked to allow centralized data storage and online access to computer services or resources.
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Is It Now the Right Time to Migrate Enterprise Systems to the Cloud?
An advanced IT model that allows organisations to use a pool of IT resources and applications as services virtually through the web, without physically holding these computing resources internally.
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Cyberinfrastructure, Cloud Computing, Science Gateways, Visualization, and Cyberinfrastructure Ease of Use
On-demand, affordable access to a distributed, shared pool of computing and storage resources, applications, and services usually via the Internet for a large number of users.
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Big Data Computing Strategies
For Big Data is a technological storage solution, where bulk data is stored which provides scalability and flexibility.
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The Internet of Things and Cultural Heritage
It is a model that allows access to a common pool of configurable computing resources, under appropriate conditions and on-demand, anytime and anywhere. In addition, it is an infrastructure system that enables the storage, processing and use of data by providing access to remote computers over the internet.
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Leveraging Industry 4.0 for Entrepreneurial Success: The Role of Entrepreneurial Education
Storing and using data and programs on the internet instead of your computer.
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Trust Calculation Using Fuzzy Logic in Cloud Computing
Cloud Computing refers to a pool of shared resources which can be accessed by a number of people across the globe through Internet.
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An Outline of Threats and Sensor Cloud Infrastructure in Wireless Sensor Network
Cloud Computing is a computing over the internet. It allows for sharing computing resources rather than having local servers and personal devices to handle applications. In other words cloud computing is a general term for anything that involves delivering hosted services over the internal.
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Enabling Technologies for IoT: Issues, Challenges, and Opportunities
The cloud computing enables the IoT system through the features of infrastructure, platform, and services.
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Creating an Educational Social Network Based on the Private Cloud Simulation and User Interaction in Solving Educational Problems
Is typically defined as a type of computing that relies on sharing computing resources rather than having local servers or personal devices to handle applications. In cloud computing, the word cloud (also phrased as “the cloud”) is used as a metaphor for “the Internet,” so the phrase cloud computing means “a type of Internet-based computing,” where different services — such as servers, storage and applications —are delivered to an organization's computers and devices through the Internet.
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Cloud Computing
A new supplement, consumption, and delivery model for IT services based on Internet protocols, and it typically involves provisioning of dynamically scalable and often virtualized resources.
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Adaptive Content Planning and Delivery With Assessment Methodology Using Swarm Intelligence on Cloud Computing
Cloud Computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage and computing power at lower costs, without direct active management by the user.
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Integrated Data Mining and Business Intelligence
Cloud computing is a distributed computing model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable and reliable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal consumer management effort or service provider interaction.
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Virtualization as the Catalyst for Cloud Computing
A utility-based computing where applications, platforms, storage and etc are provided as a service to the users over the Internet.
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Issues and Challenges (Privacy, Security, and Trust) in Blockchain-Based Applications
On-demand computer system resources available without direct active user management, especially data storage and computing power.
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Agile IT Department Contracted for New Roles in a New Era
Is an information technology model where IT services (both hardware and software) are delivered on-demand to consumers over a network in a self-service fashion, independent of device and location.
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Cloud Computing Service Provider Business Model Success Characteristics
Delivery of both hardware and software services on-demand to customers over the internet independent of device and location.
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Web 2.0, Social Media, and Mobile Technologies for Connected Government
This is an emerging and highly attractive paradigm for businesses and other large organisations. It provided a vision that is a specialised form of distributed computing environment that introduces utilization models for remotely provisioning of scalable and measured resources. Resources are often provided as services.
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IoT to Support Active Learning in Engineering Education: Test Cases and Lessons Learned
Cloud computing is a method to provide computing, storage and connection resources on demand. The client does not need any knowledge on how to service a server-platform to use the demanded resources.
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Prioritizing the Enablers of Construction Supply Chain in the Industry 4.0 Environment
The use of cloud computing and information technology has significantly transformed the construction supply chain management. It indicates a fundamental change of utilizing the information and communication technology (ICT).
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Integrating Business Intelligence Services in the Cloud: A Conceptual Model
Cloud computing enables convenient on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal service provider support.
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Implications of 5G Technology in Marketing: A Systematic Review of the Bibliometric Literature
Cloud computing is a colloquial term for the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage and computing power, without direct active user management.
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Industry 4.0 and Sustainability
Cloud computing is a new computing model providing data storage and access to software applications over the internet.
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Understanding Cloud Computing in a Higher Education Context
A model enabling, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of computing resources.
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A Framework Model for a Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) Strategy
Concept or method for enabling on-demand access to computing resources that can be configured for business cloud consumers or firms with minimal management of a cloud service provider (CSP).
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Sustaining Small Enterprises Through Digital Technologies in the Post-COVID-19 Era
The delivery of computing services, including storage, processing power, and software applications, over the internet. Instead of relying on local servers or personal computers to store and process data, cloud computing utilizes remote servers and networks to provide on-demand access to resources and services.
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Digital Transformation Stemming From a Business Assessment of Construction Industry 4.0
Cloud computing is the delivery of computing services including servers, storage, databases, networking, software, analytics, and intelligence over the Internet to offer faster innovation, flexible resources, and economies of scale.
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Validating Autonomic Services: Challenges and Approaches
A computing paradigm that facilitates the delivery of services over the Internet by means of Software as a Service, Platform as a Service, and Infrastructure as a Service.
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Lifelong Learning in the 21st Century
A wave of technology related to Web 2.0, which emerged circa 2007. Cloud computing enables people to operate computer programs and resources while remaining on remote computers. For instance, rather than installing an office application suite, users could login in and use Google Apps ® to create, edit, save, store, and share word processing, spreadsheets and multimedia documents.
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Mitigating Technology Obsolescence in Cloud Software Services: A Model-Driven Approach
A computing model wherein hardware, software, data, and network resources are provided as services to the consumers over high bandwidth networks on a pay-per-use or subscription basis.
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Security for Cross-Tenant Access Control in Cloud Computing
It defined as on demand availability of computing resources, like data storage and computing power, without direct active management by the user.
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An Ecosystem Governance Lens for Public Sector Digital Transformation: A New Zealand Case Study
Cloud computing is a model network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.
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Economic Impact of Information and Communication Technology in Higher Education
Computer users may access application store data, and communicate using the services of a distant server. Email, productivity software, music, video, and text files can be archived on the cloud computer. This replaces the more traditional client/server model of computing.
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A Comprehensive Study of Security in Cloud Computing
A type of computing that relies on sharing computing resources rather than having local servers or personal devices to handle applications.
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Industry 4.0 Technologies Used in Project Management
a large-scale distributed computing paradigm driven by economies of scale, in which a pool of abstracted, virtualized, dynamically-scalable, highly available, and configurable and reconfigurable computing resources can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort in the data centers.
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Data Management in Internet of Things
It is the platform providing resources, storage, processing elements, services to the user and helps in handling large amount of data from things connected in network.
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Learning Management System 2.0: Higher Education
Cloud computing is a model to shared pools of resources in distributed environment. There are three types of cloud computing; Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), Software as a Service (SaaS).
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Cloud Computing for Teaching and Learning: Design Strategies
A form of distributed computing systems that accomplishes sharing of heterogeneous computational resources, including hardware, data and software among multiple end users.
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Open Source Software to Enhance the STEM Learning Environment
Comprised of both the application delivered as services over the Internet and the hardware and systems software housed in the datacenters that provide those services ( Armbrust, et al, 2010 ).
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Cybersecurity Management in South African Universities
This is a process of using an internet system to store, manage and process data.
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Adoption of Industry 4.0: Analysis and Action of Mexican Case
Technology that guarantees end-to-end services and regulates the operation and flexibility of operation.
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Virtualization as the Enabling Technology of Cloud Computing
It is the newest paradigm in computing that delivers the resources including hardware, platform and application as services.
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Internet of Things: Evolution and Potential for Preserving and Enjoying Cultural Heritage
Cloud computing is the accessibility of demand for computer systems resources, particularly computing capacity and data storage, without user interference. The term is frequently used to define data platform accessible to many users over the internet.
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Cloud and Mobile Web-Based Graphics and Visualization
A general term referring to software and services that leverage managed virtual machines accessible via the Internet.
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Marketing Information Products and Services Through Digital Platforms: Tools and Skills
This is the operation of using a system to remote servers hosted on the cyberspace to reserve, supervise and process data rather than a nearby server or a personal computer. Cloud computing is an information technology (IT) pattern that permits universal access to shared pools of arrangeable system resources and higher-level services that can be quickly prepared with very little management attempt, many times through the Internet.
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Beyond the Pandemic: Future Prospects for Libraries in the Cloud
An accessible and scalable Web-based system that exists on infrastructure outside of the organization’s local network.
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A Compendium of Cloud Forensics
Cloud computing is the use of hardware and software to deliver a service over a network (typically the internet). With cloud computing, users can access files and use applications from any device that can access the internet.
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Battlefield Cyberspace: Exploitation of Hyperconnectivity and Internet of Things
Comprised of both the application delivered as services over the Internet and the hardware and systems software housed in the datacenters that provide those services (Armbrust, et al, 2010).
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A New Approach in Cloud Computing User Authentication
It involves the movement of Information Technology services – applications, infrastructure and platform – via the Internet, deployment models and managed by provider.
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Population Health Management, Emerging Technologies, and the Science of the Individual
A large number of computers connected through a network, capable of running an application on many computers and of configuring virtual servers which do not have physical presence and can be moved around and scaled up or down without being noticed by end-users.
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Cyber-Physical Systems in Vehicular Communications
Cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.
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Privacy-Preserving Machine Learning Techniques for IoT Data in Cloud Environments
Cloud computing is a technology paradigm that enables on-demand access to a shared pool of computing resources, such as servers, storage, and applications, over the internet, offering flexibility and scalability for users and organizations.
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The Complex and Opaque Cloud Ecosystem: Recommendations for IaaS Providers for a Successful Positioning in the Ecosystem
Cloud computing is a new technology mix based operations model where computing services (both hardware and software) are delivered on-demand to customers over a network in a self-service fashion, independent of device and location. The literature distinguishes between three main service models (Infrastructure-as-a-Service, Platform-as-a-Service and Software-as-a-Service) and four deployment models (public, hybrid, private and community).
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Cloud Computing Big Data Adoption Impacts on Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: A Systematic Review
The use of applications, storage, and processing facilities to deliver on-demand computing services over the internet on a pay-per-use basis.
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Intelligent Cities: A Compendious and Multidisciplinary Approach – Issues and Opportunities
Cloud computing refers to a remote server which is used to store large amounts of data which is safe and available at all time; the environment provides all kind of software, hardware and computing platforms that consumers can provision on a pay as you go basis.
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Integration of Cultural Retailing With New Technologies and Media: A Case Study of the Suzhou Antique Bookstore
A kind of technology that a cloud services provider offer computing resources and data storage services through the Internet, ensuring the time and place flexibility of using the resources and data by the users.
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File-Sharing of Copyrighted Works, P2P, and the Cloud: Reconciling Copyright and Privacy Rights
A model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.
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Teaching and Learning Requirements Engineering Based on Mobile Devices and Cloud: A Case Study
A type of computing, comparable to grid computing that relies on sharing computing resources rather than having local servers or personal devices to handle applications.
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Prospects and Challenges of Web 3.0 Technologies Application in the Provision of Library Services
A model for information network, s torage, and access, facilitated by a remote server hosted over the internet instead of a local server or computer.
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Visualization of High Dimensional Data
is the use of remote resources via network or internetInternet.
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Workload Management Systems for the Cloud Environment
A kind of Internet based computing that relies on sharing computing resources instead of having local and personal servers to access applications. It’s based on the delivery of on-demand computing resources over the Internet on a pay-for-use basis.
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Security Risks of Biomedical Data Processing in Cloud Computing Environment
The delivery of computing services and resources such as the servers, storage, databases, networking, software, and analytic through the internet.
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What Business Leaders Should Know About Cloud Computing: Cloud Computing for Digital Business
Represents a popular and frequent notion related to on-demand availability of data storage.
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Building Elastic Java Application Services Seamlessly in the Cloud: A Middleware Framework
The elastic computing over virtualized resources, provided via pay-as-you-go model.
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Community Mesh Networks: Citizens' Participation in the Deployment of Smart Cities
Cloud computing refers to a distributed infrastructure that is made of a collection of interconnected computers, whose resources are pooled together into a virtual machine that maintains and manages itself. As opposed to other distributed architectures, the particularity of cloud computing is that the architecture is completely independent from the physical infrastructure it relies upon. This allows for extreme flexibility, as resources can be dynamically added or removed according to actual needs.
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Emerging Technologies and Educational Requirements in Engineering Education for the Fourth Industrial Revolution
Is “the practice of using a network of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage, and process data, rather than a local server or a personal computer” ( http://english.oxforddictionaries.com/cloud%20computing AU101: The URL http://english.oxforddictionaries.com/cloud%20computing has been redirected to https://www.lexico.com/en/definition/cloud computing. Please verify the URL. ).
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Strategic Trials of Educ@TIon, the Telecom Italia Solution for Cooperative Digital Learning
A technology for delivery of digital application as a service rather than a product, whereby shared resources, software, and information are provided to computers and other devices as a utility over a network, without need to install special software on persona devices.
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Leveraging Cloud Computing for Healthcare: Opportunities and Challenges
Cloud computing is a technology that lets you access and use computing resources like servers, storage, and software over the internet. It eliminates the need for owning and maintaining physical hardware, offering scalability and cost-efficiency. Users can store data, run applications, and access services from remote servers, making it a convenient and flexible solution for businesses and individuals.
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Enhancing Learner-Centered Instruction through Tutorial Management Using Cloud Computing
The practice of using a network of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage, and process data, rather than a local server.
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Fintech and Blockchain: Maximizing Benefit and Minimizing Harm
Cloud computing is the delivery of different services through the Internet, including data storage, servers, databases, networking, and software.
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The Evolution of Distance Learning
Technologies that facilitate the sharing of digital files over the Internet.
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Benefits of the Transics Fleet Management System
The Internet-based computing that offers services, including software, storage that can be accessed by the Internet.
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Improving Privacy and Security in Multicloud Architectures
A model for delivering IT services in which resources are retrieved from the internet through web -based tools and applications rather than a direct connection to a server.
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Exploiting P2P and Grid Computing Technologies for Resource Sharing to Support High Performance Distributed System
Cloud computing is a distributed application that exploits and accesses the virtualised resources of large data centers as a service on an as-needed basis through an API. The cloud computing allows users to run applications by deploying them to the virtual data centre (namely, the cloud), hiding the complex technologies that the cloud provide.
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Music Management in the Digital Age
The use of computing power, which is spatially located in a “cloud” of remote networks.
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Cloud Computing Technologies for Connected Digital Government
This is an emerging and highly attractive paradigm for the business sector and other large organisations. It provided a vision that is a specialised form of distributed computing environment that introduces utilization models for remotely provisioning of scalable and measured resources. Resources are often provided as services.
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High Performance and Grid Computing Developments and Applications in Condensed Matter Physics
Is a term that represents use of computer resources, including computing and data storage services, which are served over the real-time network, usually in a virtualized environment. The cloud provider manages large number of computers, and services are offered through virtualization of hardware, i.e. users deploy virtual machines on provider's hardware, thus instantiating the desired services. This model is known as Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). In the model of Platform as a Service (PaaS), the provider offers a computing platform (operating system, compilers, databases, web server). Also widely use in business applications is Software as a Service (Saas), where the emphasis is on providing specific software and databases. Network as a Service (NaaS) is also offered for users requiring network connectivity services (including inter-cloud connectivity).
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Emerging Technologies to Increase Energy Efficiency and Decrease Indoor Pollution in University Campuses
It refers to on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage and computing power, without direct active management by the user. It is commonly used to process data that is not time-driven.
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Cloud Computing: An Agent of Promoting Interdisciplinary Sciences, Especially Information Science and I-Schools – Emerging Techno-Educational Scenario
Cloud computing is a kind of service science that is based on service oriented architecture which helps in virtualization of IT resources including hardware, software, IT applications and packages with the help of a dedicated platform.
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Green Cloud Computing: Data Center Case Study
A model for delivering information technology services in which resources are retrieved from the Internet through Web-based tools and applications, rather than a direct connection to a server.
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Perspectives of the Adoption of Cloud Computing in the Tourism Sector
Model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand and scalable networks access to a pool of configurable computing resources that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.
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Biometric Authentication for the Cloud Computing
Cloud computing is a expression used to explain a diversity of computing concepts that involve a large number of computers connected through a real-time communication network such as the Internet.
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Analysis of Real Estate Prices Using Geospatial Data: Models and Tools
On demand access to computing resources using the internet. The resources include data storage, servers, databases, networking and software. Cost saving, speed, performance and security are among the benefits of using cloud computing services.
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Cloud-Based Manufacturing (CBM) Interoperability in Industry 4.0
In general, an information technology architecture model where computing services (both hardware and software) are delivered to customers over the Internet, on-demand, in a self-service fashion, independent of device and location.
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Cloud Computing: A Security and Defense Proposal
The on-demand availability of computer system resources accessed by Internet.
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Introducing Automation in Service Delivery Procedures: An Overview
Refers to the possibility of storing, processing and accessing data located somewhere in the Internet.
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Towards Connected Government Services: A Cloud Software Engineering Framework
This an emerging and highly attractive paradigm for business and other large organisation, it is a specialised form of distributed computing that introduces utilization models for remotely provisioning scalable and measured resources. Resources are often provided as services.
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Fog-IoT-Assisted-Based Smart Agriculture Application
Cloud computing is a general term for anything that involves delivering hosted services over the internet.
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Machine Learning Enables Decision-Making Processes for an Enterprise
This is a computing model that makes information technology resources such as servers, middleware, and application available over the internet as services to business organizations in self-service manner.
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Principles and Enabling Technologies of 5G Network Slicing
Technology that allows accessing a set of shared and configurable computing resources (e.g., servers, storage facilities, infrastructure, applications) offered as services.