Cyber Crime and Cyber Security: A Quick Glance

Cyber Crime and Cyber Security: A Quick Glance

Aruna Devi (Surabhi Softwares, India)
Copyright: © 2017 |Pages: 12
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-2154-9.ch011
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Abstract

Cybercrime is a multifaceted and forever changing phenomenon. It is found that Cyber criminals who are becoming more classy and stylish are making consumers of both private and public organizations their prey. To prevent attacks additional layers of defense are required. It has been observed that Cyber crime has increased in density and complexity and financial costs ever since organizations have adopted the use of computers in carrying out their business processes. An example of the case studies carried out on cyber crimes is the Parliament attack case. The main points discussed in this chapter are Cyber crime and cyber security, the unusual cyber crimes that we come across. Various prevention techniques and detection techniques like Tripwires, Honey Pots, anomaly detection system, configuration checking tools and operating system commands, various acts that have been imposed against Cyber crime and online safety tips are also discussed.
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What Is Cybercrime?

Usage of technology by man for various purposes like ease, making life much simpler and luxurious has built a technological trap around mankind. A best example of technological trap is cyber crime. Cyber crime is also known as computer crime or electronic crime or e-crime. The short form of “cyber space” is “cyber” which is an electronic medium of a network of computers through which online messaging and communications are carried out. “Cyber crime is regarded as computer based activities which are illegal or considered illicit by certain parties which may be conducted through worldwide electronic networks. For cyber crime the computer or the network is a necessary part of the crime.” Cyber crime can be classified into two categories and defined as follows:

  • 1.

    Cybercrime in a narrow sense (computer crime): Any illegal behavior directed by means of electronic operations that targets the security of computer systems and the data processed by them.

  • 2.

    Cybercrime in a broader sense (computer-related crime): Any illegal behavior committed by means of, or in relation to, a computer system or network, including such crimes as illegal possession and offering or distributing information by means of a computer system or network.

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Types Of Cyber Crime

A straight forward yet powerful definition of cyber crime could be “unlawful acts wherein the computer is either a tool for crime or a target of crime or both.” The acts where in the computer is used as tool to carry out an unlawful act involves a modification of a predictable crime by using computers. Some examples of crime are:

Financial Crimes

Financial Crimes usually are described as money laundering, cheating, credit card frauds etc. Following is an interesting case of financial crime. In response to a website offering Alphonso mangoes at a very low price, initially only very few people responded to it and provided their credit card details while majority of them distrusted such a move. But the mangoes were actually supplied. The supply of mangoes on this website spread like wildfire and thousands of people all over the country ordered for mangoes by providing their credit card numbers. The owners of the website who were fraudsters fled taking the credit numbers and spent huge amounts much to the disappointment of the card holders.

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