Ecological and Economic Significance of Bryophytes

Ecological and Economic Significance of Bryophytes

Matthew Chidozie Ogwu (Seoul National University, South Korea)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 25
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1226-5.ch004

Abstract

With climate change and the massive extinction of biodiversity, this chapter seeks to address the ecological and economic significance of bryophytes. The objective of this chapter is to contribute to the general knowledge of this plant group to spur research and interest in conservation efforts. Ecologically, this chapter x-rays their habit, habitat, distribution, ecophysiology, and reproduction. Bryophytes terrestrialization begun several millions of years ago but is currently threatened by climate change and poor conservation efforts. Economically, this chapter highlights the multifarious uses and applications of bryophytes with a view to promoting diversification, sustainable utilization, and innovative application.
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Background

Renzaglia et al. (2000) established that extant bryophytes were paraphyletic while the results of Nishiyama et al. (2004) supports monophyly for modern bryophytes based on chloroplast phylogeny, which may represent several lineages along the evolutionary path to vascular plants. However, their exact phylogeny remains unresolved, especially with regard to which group of bryophytes (liverworts, mosses or hornworts) represents the earliest form of land plants (Qiu & Palmer, 1999).

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