Effects of the Pandemic on Education: The Case of Spain

Effects of the Pandemic on Education: The Case of Spain

Ramon Palau (Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain) and Raúl Santiago (Universidad de La Rioja, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-3600-4.ch012
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Abstract

The pandemic, as a super-problem, caused the greatest educational challenge of the last decades. The educational response of different countries was unplanned and led to what has been called emergency online learning. This chapter describes the effects of this educational response on the different agents involved teachers, students, and educational organizations. Finally, the analysis focuses on Spain, where the conclusions are the lack of planning, the lack of teacher training, and the lack of infrastructure and technology both in the education system and at home. At the same time, it has been an opportunity to test the potential of technology, the generation of educational innovation, and different alternative ways to solve problems such as teacher training.
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Online Learning

Online learning is an evolution of distance learning that was born a century ago (Jung, 2019) through radio, letter, mail or television (Sumner, 2010). Thanks to digital technology this learning has been able to evolve and become online learning (Siemens et al., 2015) and based on connectivism (Jung, 2019).

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