Electricity Infrastructure Technical Security: Practical Application and Best Practices of Risk Assessment

Electricity Infrastructure Technical Security: Practical Application and Best Practices of Risk Assessment

Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 30
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-3059-7.ch001
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In general, energy infrastructure is a basic but very complex system of elements, interconnections, functional inputs and outputs, which creates the need to break down subsystems, systems, and infrastructure areas. The aim of this chapter is therefore to discuss the possible implementation of approaches to risk assessment and risk management in relation to the application of technical security measures. This chapter of the book will therefore discuss risk analysis methods where the transition from general approaches to risk analysis, through risk identification methods and procedures and the assessment of major industrial and technological risks, to specific risk analysis methodologies for electricity infrastructures, will be presented. An important part of the chapter is also the introduction of practical approaches and methodologies that are accepted as “best practices” in connection with ensuring the technical security of electricity infrastructures.
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Energy Infrastructure Description

Energy infrastructure reference objectives can be perceived from several aspects. The first aspect is the formulation of objectives according to type plans and municipal approaches to ensure optimal energy supply. The second is the definition of infrastructures, which importance is identified as critical and which have a major impact on ensuring the functional continuity of society. This would be critical infrastructures as amended by Act No. 240/2000 Coll. on Crisis Management and on Amendments to Certain Acts (Crisis Act) (Act 240, 2000) and Government Regulation No. 432/2010 Coll. (Government Regulation 432, 2010) on the criteria for determining the critical infrastructure element. In relation to the above facts and legal standards, the following groups of energy infrastructure reference objects may be considered: Electricity, Oil and Gas, Heat production and supply, and Petroleum and petroleum products.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Risk Analysis: Consideration of relevant threat scenarios, in order to assess the vulnerability and the potential impact of disruption or destruction of critical infrastructure.

Technical Security: A set of essential requirements and measures to ensure the required level of protection of infrastructure elements.

Infrastructure Protection: The ability to prevent or reduce the effect of an adverse event.

Electricity Infrastructure: Infrastructures and facilities for generation and transmission of electricity in respect of supply electricity.

Critical Infrastructure: An asset or system which is essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions.

Risk Assessment: Overall process of risk identification, risk analysis and risk evaluation.

Infrastructure Resilience: The ability to reduce the magnitude, impact, or duration of a disruption. Resilience is the ability to absorb, adapt to, and/or rapidly recover from a potentially disruptive event.

Integrated Security System: The essence lies in simultaneous use of technical security devices, deployment of persons tasked with execution of physical protection (guarding) and organizational and regime measures.

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