Environments for Virtual Enterprise Integration

Environments for Virtual Enterprise Integration

Maria Manuela Cruz-Cunha (Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave, Portugal) and Goran D. Putnik (University of Minho, Portugal)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-856-7.ch010
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The Virtual Enterprise model relies on dynamically reconfigurable collaborative networks, with extremely high performances, strongly time-oriented while highly focused on cost and quality, in permanent alignment with the market, and strongly supported by information and communication technology. Networking and reconfiguration dynamics are the main characteristics of this model, which claim for enabling and supporting environments, assuring cost-effective integration in useful time and preventing the risk of leakage of private information about products or processes. Some existing technologies and Internet-based environments can partially support this organizational model, but the reconfiguration dynamics can only be assured by environments able to manage, control, and enable virtual enterprise creation/operation/reconfiguration. Several environments are introduced in the article, and particular focus is given to the Market of Resources, an environment coping with the requirements of the Virtual Enterprise model.
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Requirements For Virtual Enterprise Integration

Several VE definitions and similar models exist and many similar and sometimes overlapping designations are used: collaborative networks, collaborative supply chains, networked enterprise, star alliances, agile/virtual enterprises, and so forth. These are all forms of virtual enterprises, in a broad sense. What makes the distinction is the duration and the links established or intended to establish, the legal formalities, scope, sharing of responsibilities and results, coordination, reconfiguration dynamics, and so forth.

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