Ergonomics

Ergonomics

Kathleen P. King (Fordham University, USA)
Copyright: © 2008 |Pages: 6
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-881-9.ch048
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Abstract

With the many and vast advances of technology across generations and societies, the need to determine the best ways to align and use the human body in coordination with technology has increased accordingly. While occupational hazards and accidents date back to ancient times, and the Industrial Age resulted in accidents related to machinery, the human disabilities and debilities related to technology may emerge more subtly over time before they become acute.

Key Terms in this Chapter

National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH): NIOSH is the institution that provides scientific data upon which OSHA makes recommendations.

Department of Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA): A branch of the United States Department of Labor which oversees workers issues ( http://www.osha.gov ).

Ergonomics: The commonly accepted definition or ergonomics is the science of designing working environments and the tools in them for maximum worker health and safety and maximum work efficiency.

RMI: Repetitive Motion Injury

Repetition: Repetition in the field of ergonomics refers to the number of a similar exertions conducted during an activity. For example, an office worker may insert 40 letters in envelopes during 10 minutes. User and worker discomfort of an injury that has been associated with repetitive motion.

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