The Ethics Driven Spatial Management in Multiculturalism through ICTs

The Ethics Driven Spatial Management in Multiculturalism through ICTs

Sangeeta Sharma (University of Rajasthan, India)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60960-057-0.ch029
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The new inclusive social dynamics is refocusing the intricacies of formation of social structures. The process of globalization is unifying various cultures leading to the creation of Multiculturalists society. As a corollary to this various ethnic groups are expanding their boundaries to form the larger social structures. The concept of spatial management relates to the management of spaces of various ethno- cultural formations into single social unit. This merging can be facilitated by building up mutual trust and respect for each other, which in turn can be reinforced by communicating with the help of Information and Communication Technologies. Hence the role of ICT in enhancing the process of unification is crucial as it pierces through the tightened boundaries of ethnic groups to develop the newer identities. This unveiled dimension is explored in this article, which focuses on the use of the technology in social reconfiguration.
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The social relevance of Information and Communication Technologies in reducing the value-gaps prevalent in different ethnically configured societies is the less explored research area, which needs attention from academia. The divisive tones set by the strict adherences to respective sets of ethnicity are leading to alienation causing turbulent undercurrents. The concept of ‘universal whole’ has been thrashed out in the recent writings on moral philosophy as the important component of constructing Universal Ethics (see Rachels, 1995; Fleishacker, 1999; Goertzel, 2004). The man-machine interface to build values is yet to find a place in academics. The role of ICT is very distinct in achieving the goal of constructing the Universal ethics and can be identified at three levels, first preparing Database of philosophical, professional and personal values on the basis of doctrines perpetuated from time to time; second applying Data mining to excavate the needed ethical patterns and third converting excavated ethics into adaptable value packages. Hence in the times when ethics are eroded despite the Data material available on web nets, reflect the inability of scribbled doctrines to reduce the gap of philosophy and practicing ethics. The ICT interventions can help in locating areas of feasibility amongst various ethnic groups to convert differences into productive alliances due to pervasive nature of such technologies.

The Multiculturalism often conceived as an applied ideology of racial, cultural and ethnic diversity within the demographics of specified place, surfaced in 1970s did provide some normative solutions for accepting the coexistence of various communities in a particular society. It had been adopted as the official policy in many Western nations. This is most debatable discourse, which came under criticism by questioning certain fundamentals and impacts of such policy. (Blainey 1984; Cliteur,1999; Ellian 2002). It is clear that inclusion is not possible within some parochial forms of liberalism (Modood 2007).

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